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Substance Name: Glycolonitrile
RN: 107-16-4
UNII: ZCI474BE63
InChIKey: LTYRAPJYLUPLCI-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Molecular Formula

  • C2-H3-N-O

Molecular Weight

  • 57.0517
 

Classification Codes

Classification Code

  • Skin / Eye Irritant

Superlist Classification Code

  • Threshold Planning Quantity (TPQ) = 1000 lb
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Names and Synonyms

Name of Substance

  • Glycolonitrile

Synonyms

  • 2-Hydroxyacetonitrile
  • 2-Hydroxyethanenitrile
  • 4-03-00-00598 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
  • Acetonitrile, hydroxy-
  • AI3-23958
  • alpha-Hydroxymethylcyanide
  • BRN 0605328
  • CCRIS 4655
  • Cyanomethanol
  • EINECS 203-469-1
  • Formaldehyde cyanohydrin
  • Glycolic nitrile
  • Glyconitrile
  • Glykolonitril
  • Glykolonitril [Czech]
  • HSDB 2123
  • Hydroxyacetonitrile
  • Hydroxyactonitrile
  • Hydroxyazetonitril
  • Hydroxyazetonitril [German]
  • Hydroxymethylkyanid
  • Hydroxymethylkyanid [Czech]
  • Hydroxymethylnitrile
  • Methylene cyanohydrin
  • NSC 1790
  • UNII-ZCI474BE63
  • USAF A-8565

Systematic Names

  • Acetonitrile, 2-hydroxy-
  • Acetonitrile, hydroxy-
  • Glycollonitrile
  • Glycolonitrile (8CI)
  • Hydroxyacetonitrile

Superlist Names

  • Formaldehyde cyanohydrin
  • Glycolonitrile

Registry Numbers

CAS Registry Number

  • 107-16-4

FDA UNII

  • ZCI474BE63

System Generated Number

  • 0000107164

Structure Descriptors

InChI

1S/C2H3NO/c3-1-2-4/h4H,2H2

InChIKey

LTYRAPJYLUPLCI-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Smiles

C(CO)#N

Toxicity

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
mouse LCLo inhalation 27ppm/8H (27ppm) BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)

SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: LACRIMATION: EYE
"Toxicology of Drugs and Chemicals," Deichmann, W.B., New York, Academic Press, Inc., 1969Vol. -, Pg. 290, 1969.
mouse LD50 intraperitoneal 3mg/kg (3mg/kg)   Zentralblatt fuer Arbeitsmedizin und Arbeitsschutz. Vol. 19, Pg. 225, 1969.
mouse LD50 oral 10mg/kg (10mg/kg)   "Toxicology of Drugs and Chemicals," Deichmann, W.B., New York, Academic Press, Inc., 1969Vol. -, Pg. 290, 1969.
mouse LDLo subcutaneous 15mg/kg (15mg/kg)   Archives Internationales de Pharmacodynamie et de Therapie. Vol. 12, Pg. 447, 1904.
rabbit LD50 skin 5mg/kg (5mg/kg) SKIN AND APPENDAGES (SKIN): PRIMARY IRRITATION: AFTER TOPICAL EXPOSURE American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal. Vol. 23, Pg. 95, 1962.
rabbit LDLo ocular 13mg/kg (13mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD

BEHAVIORAL: COMA
"Toxicology of Drugs and Chemicals," Deichmann, W.B., New York, Academic Press, Inc., 1969Vol. -, Pg. 290, 1969.
rat LCLo inhalation 27ppm/8H (27ppm) BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)

SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: LACRIMATION: EYE
"Toxicology of Drugs and Chemicals," Deichmann, W.B., New York, Academic Press, Inc., 1969Vol. -, Pg. 290, 1969.
rat LD50 oral 8mg/kg (8mg/kg)   Zentralblatt fuer Arbeitsmedizin und Arbeitsschutz. Vol. 19, Pg. 225, 1969.

Physical Properties

Physical Property Value Units Temp (deg C) Source
Melting Point -7.20E+01 deg C   EXP
Boiling Point 183 deg C   EXP
log P (octanol-water) -1.610 (none)   EST
Water Solubility 1.00E+06 mg/L 25 EST
Vapor Pressure 0.203 mm Hg 25 EST
Henry's Law Constant 7.38E-06 atm-m3/mole 25 EST
Atmospheric OH Rate Constant 7.61E-13 cm3/molecule-sec 25 EST

Physical property data is provided to ChemIDplus by SRC, Inc.