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Substance Name: Glyoxal
RN: 107-22-2
UNII: 50NP6JJ975
InChIKey: LEQAOMBKQFMDFZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Note

  • A 2-carbon aldehyde with carbonyl groups on both carbons.

Molecular Formula

  • C2-H2-O2

Molecular Weight

  • 58.0358
 

Classification Codes

Classification Codes

  • Agricultural Chemical
  • Experimental Pesticide
  • Mutation Data
  • Skin / Eye Irritant
  • Unspecified / Unclassified Pesticide

Superlist Classification Code

  • TWA (0.1 mg/m3, inhalable fraction, vapor and aerosol); Sensitizer; Not classifiable as a human carcinogen

Names and Synonyms

Name of Substance

  • Biformyl
  • Ethanedial
  • Glyoxal
  • Oxalaldehyde

MeSH Heading

  • Glyoxal

Synonyms

  • 1,2-Ethanedione
  • 4-01-00-03625 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
  • Aerotex glyoxal 40
  • AI3-24108
  • Biformal
  • Biformyl
  • BRN 1732463
  • CCRIS 952
  • Diformal
  • Diformyl
  • EC 203-474-9
  • EINECS 203-474-9
  • Ethanedial
  • Glyoxal
  • Glyoxylaldehyde
  • HSDB 497
  • Oxal
  • Oxalaldehyde
  • UNII-50NP6JJ975

Systematic Names

  • Ethanedial
  • Glyoxal
  • Glyoxal, 29.2%
  • Glyoxal, 40%

Superlist Names

  • Glyoxal
  • Glyoxal solutions

Registry Numbers

CAS Registry Number

  • 107-22-2

FDA UNII

  • 50NP6JJ975

Other Registry Number

  • 83513-30-8

System Generated Number

  • 0000107222

Structure Descriptors

InChI

1S/C2H2O2/c3-1-2-4/h1-2H

InChIKey

LEQAOMBKQFMDFZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Smiles

C(=O)C=O

Toxicity

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
dog LDLo intravenous 300uL/kg (0.3mL/kg)   National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0535072,
guinea pig LD50 oral 760mg/kg (760mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)

GASTROINTESTINAL: OTHER CHANGES
Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology. Vol. 23, Pg. 259, 1941.
guinea pig LD50 oral 10gm/kg (10000mg/kg)   National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0538086,
guinea pig LD50 skin 6600mg/kg (6600mg/kg)   "Toxicology of Drugs and Chemicals," Deichmann, W.B., New York, Academic Press, Inc., 1969Vol. -, Pg. 291, 1969.
mouse LD50 intraperitoneal 200mg/kg (200mg/kg)   National Technical Information Service. Vol. AD438-895,
mouse LD50 oral 400mg/kg (400mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: MUSCLE WEAKNESS National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0533618,
mouse LD50 oral 1280mg/kg (1280mg/kg)   National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0538086,
rabbit LD50 intraperitoneal 60mg/kg (60mg/kg)   National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0535072,
rabbit LD50 intravenous 60mg/kg (60mg/kg)   National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0535072,
rabbit LD50 oral > 3175mg/kg (3175mg/kg)   National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0538086,
rabbit LD50 skin 10mL/kg (10mL/kg) LIVER: OTHER CHANGES

LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: ACUTE PULMONARY EDEMA

KIDNEY, URETER, AND BLADDER: "CHANGES IN TUBULES (INCLUDING ACUTE RENAL FAILURE, ACUTE TUBULAR NECROSIS)"
National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0535072,
rabbit LD50 skin 10mL/kg (10mL/kg)   Union Carbide Data Sheet. Vol. 11/4/1971,
rabbit LD50 skin 10mL/kg (10mL/kg)   Union Carbide Data Sheet. Vol. 11/12/1965,
rat LC50 inhalation 2410mg/m3/4H (2410mg/m3) SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: OTHER CHANGES: OLFACTION

LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: DYSPNEA
National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0535127,
rat LD50 oral 200mg/kg (200mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: MUSCLE WEAKNESS National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0533618,
rat LD50 oral 2960mg/kg (2960mg/kg) LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: RESPIRATORY DEPRESSION

BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)
National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0535124,
rat LD50 oral 4290mg/kg (4290mg/kg)   Union Carbide Data Sheet. Vol. 11/4/1971,
rat LD50 skin > 2gm/kg (2000mg/kg) SKIN AND APPENDAGES (SKIN): "DERMATITIS, OTHER: AFTER SYSTEMIC EXPOSURE" National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0535506,
rat LDLo intraperitoneal 100mg/kg (100mg/kg)   National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council, Chemical-Biological Coordination Center, Review. Vol. 5, Pg. 9, 1953.

Physical Properties

Physical Property Value Units Temp (deg C) Source
Melting Point 15 deg C   EXP
Boiling Point 50.4 deg C   EXP
log P (octanol-water) -1.660 (none)   EST
Water Solubility 1.00E+06 mg/L 20 EXP
Vapor Pressure 255 mm Hg 25 EXP
Henry's Law Constant 3.33E-09 atm-m3/mole 25 EXP
Atmospheric OH Rate Constant 1.14E-11 cm3/molecule-sec 25 EXP

Physical property data is provided to ChemIDplus by SRC, Inc.