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Substance Name: Toluene
RN: 108-88-3
UNII: 3FPU23BG52
InChIKey: YXFVVABEGXRONW-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Note

  • A widely used industrial solvent.

Molecular Formula

  • C7-H8

Molecular Weight

  • 92.1402
 

Classification Codes

Classification Codes

  • Human Data
  • Mutation Data
  • Reproductive Effect
  • Skin / Eye Irritant
  • Solvents
  • Tumor Data

Superlist Classification Codes

  • 2007 CERCLA Priority List, Rank: 71
  • 2011 CERCLA Priority List, Rank: 74
  • Overall Carcinogenic Evaluation: Group 3
  • Reportable Quantity (RQ) = 1000 lb
  • TWA (50 ppm); skin; Not classifiable as a human carcinogen; BEI
  • TWA 200 mg/m3; Ceiling 300 mg/m3, peak 500 mg/m3 in 10 min

Names and Synonyms

Name of Substance

  • Benzene, methyl-
  • Methylbenzene
  • Toluene
  • Toluol

MeSH Heading

  • Toluene

Synonyms

  • AI3-02261
  • Antisal 1a
  • Caswell No. 859
  • CCRIS 2366
  • CP 25
  • EC 203-625-9
  • EINECS 203-625-9
  • EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 080601
  • HSDB 131
  • Methacide
  • Methane, phenyl-
  • Methylbenzene
  • Methylbenzol
  • NCI-C07272
  • NSC 406333
  • Phenylmethane
  • RCRA waste number U220
  • Tolu-Sol
  • Tolueen
  • Tolueen [Dutch]
  • Toluen
  • Toluen [Czech]
  • Toluene
  • Tolueno
  • Tolueno [Spanish]
  • Toluol
  • Toluolo
  • Toluolo [Italian]
  • UN 1294
  • UNII-3FPU23BG52

Systematic Names

  • Benzene, methyl-
  • Toluene

Superlist Names

  • Benzene, methyl-
  • RCRA waste no. U220
  • Toluene
  • Toluene [UN1294] [Flammable liquid]
  • UN1294

Registry Numbers

CAS Registry Number

  • 108-88-3

FDA UNII

  • 3FPU23BG52

Other Registry Numbers

  • 1053657-77-4
  • 1202864-97-8

System Generated Number

  • 0000108883

Structure Descriptors

InChI

1S/C7H8/c1-7-5-3-2-4-6-7/h2-6H,1H3

InChIKey

YXFVVABEGXRONW-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Smiles

Cc1ccccc1

Toxicity

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
frog LDLo subcutaneous 920mg/kg (920mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: CHANGES IN MOTOR ACTIVITY (SPECIFIC ASSAY)

BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD

AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM: OTHER (DIRECT) PARASYMPATHOMIMETIC
Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archiv fuer Experimentelle Pathologie und Pharmakologie. Vol. 130, Pg. 250, 1928.
guinea pig LCLo inhalation 1600ppm (1600ppm) BEHAVIORAL: GENERAL ANESTHETIC

BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)

BEHAVIORAL: IRRITABILITY
Journal of Industrial Hygiene. Vol. 10, Pg. 261, 1928.
guinea pig LD50 intraperitoneal 500mg/kg (500mg/kg)   Neurotoxicology. Vol. 2, Pg. 567, 1981.
human LDLo oral 50mg/kg (50mg/kg)   Gekkan Yakuji. Pharmaceuticals Monthly. Vol. 22, Pg. 883, 1980.
human TCLo inhalation 200ppm (200ppm) BLOOD: CHANGES IN BONE MARROW NOT INCLUDED ABOVE

BEHAVIORAL: ANTIPSYCHOTIC

BRAIN AND COVERINGS: RECORDINGS FROM SPECIFIC AREAS OF CNS
JAMA, Journal of the American Medical Association. Vol. 123, Pg. 1106, 1943.
mammal (species unspecified) LC50 inhalation 30gm/m3 (30000mg/m3)   Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. Vol. 32(10), Pg. 25, 1988.
mammal (species unspecified) LD50 oral 4gm/kg (4000mg/kg)   Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. Vol. 32(10), Pg. 25, 1988.
mammal (species unspecified) LDLo intraperitoneal 1750mg/kg (1750mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: MUSCLE CONTRACTION OR SPASTICITY)

LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: OTHER CHANGES
American Journal of Hygiene. Vol. 7, Pg. 276, 1927.
man LDLo oral 719uL/kg (0.719mL/kg) LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: ACUTE PULMONARY EDEMA

LIVER: OTHER CHANGES

CARDIAC: OTHER CHANGES
Forensic Science International. Vol. 41, Pg. 255, 1989.
man TCLo inhalation 100ppm (100ppm) BEHAVIORAL: CHANGES IN MOTOR ACTIVITY (SPECIFIC ASSAY)

BEHAVIORAL: "HALLUCINATIONS, DISTORTED PERCEPTIONS"

BEHAVIORAL: CHANGES IN PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL TESTS
Work, Environment, Health. Vol. 9, Pg. 131, 1972.
mouse LC50 inhalation 400ppm/24H (400ppm)   Neurotoxicology. Vol. 2, Pg. 567, 1981.
mouse LD50 intraperitoneal 59mg/kg (59mg/kg)   Neurotoxicology. Vol. 2, Pg. 567, 1981.
mouse LD50 subcutaneous 2250mg/kg (2250mg/kg)   Neurotoxicology. Vol. 8, Pg. 237, 1987.
mouse LD50 unreported 2gm/kg (2000mg/kg)   Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 45(12), Pg. 64, 1980.
rabbit LCLo inhalation 55000ppm/40M (55000ppm)   Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology. Vol. 26, Pg. 69, 1944.
rabbit LD50 skin 14100uL/kg (14.1mL/kg)   American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal. Vol. 30, Pg. 470, 1969.
rabbit LDLo intravenous 130mg/kg (130mg/kg)   Haematologica. Vol. 58, Pg. 491, 1973.
rat LC50 inhalation 49gm/m3/4H (49000mg/m3)   Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. Vol. 32(10), Pg. 23, 1988.
rat LD50 intraperitoneal 1332mg/kg (1332mg/kg)   Environmental Research. Vol. 40, Pg. 411, 1986.
rat LD50 intravenous 1960mg/kg (1960mg/kg)   Medicina del Lavoro. Industrial Medicine. Vol. 54, Pg. 486, 1963.
rat LD50 oral 636mg/kg (636mg/kg)   Neurotoxicology. Vol. 2, Pg. 567, 1981.
rat LD50 unreported 6900mg/kg (6900mg/kg)   Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 45(12), Pg. 64, 1980.

Physical Properties

Physical Property Value Units Temp (deg C) Source
Melting Point -9.49E+01 deg C   EXP
Boiling Point 110.6 deg C   EXP
log P (octanol-water) 2.73 (none)   EXP
Water Solubility 526 mg/L 25 EXP
Vapor Pressure 28.4 mm Hg 25 EXP
Henry's Law Constant 0.00664 atm-m3/mole 25 EXP
Atmospheric OH Rate Constant 5.96E-12 cm3/molecule-sec 25 EXP

Physical property data is provided to ChemIDplus by SRC, Inc.