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Substance Name: Succinic acid [NF]
RN: 110-15-6


  • A water-soluble, colorless crystal with an acid taste that is used as a chemical intermediate, in medicine, the manufacture of lacquers, and to make perfume esters. It is also used in foods as a sequestrant, buffer, and a neutralizing agent. (Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed, p1099; McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1851).

Molecular Formula

  • C4-H6-O4

Molecular Weight

  • 118.0874

Classification Codes

  • Mutation Data
  • Skin / Eye Irritant
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Names and Synonyms

Name of Substance

  • Butanedioic acid
  • Succinic acid
  • Succinic acid [NF]

MeSH Heading

  • Succinic acid


  • 1,2-Ethanedicarboxylic acid
  • 1,4-Butanedioic acid
  • 4-02-00-01908 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
  • Acidum succinicum
  • AI3-06297
  • Amber acid
  • Asuccin
  • Bernsteinsaure
  • Bernsteinsaure [German]
  • BRN 1754069
  • Butandisaeure
  • Butanedioic acid
  • Dihydrofumaric acid
  • DL-Malic acid
  • EC 203-740-4
  • EINECS 203-740-4
  • Ethylene dicarboxylic acid
  • Ethylenesuccinic acid
  • HSDB 791
  • Katasuccin
  • Kyselina jantarova
  • Kyselina jantarova [Czech]
  • NSC 106449
  • Succinate
  • Succinic acid
  • Succinicum acidum
  • Wormwood acid

Systematic Names

  • Butanedioic acid
  • Succinic acid

Superlist Names

  • 1,4-Butanedioic acid
  • Amber acid
  • Ethylenesuccinic acid
  • Succinic acid

Mixture Name

  • Guna-allergy-prev

Registry Numbers

CAS Registry Number

  • 110-15-6


  • AB6MNQ6J6L

Other Registry Numbers

  • 2087491-34-5
  • 623158-99-6

System Generated Number

  • 0000110156

Structure Descriptors








Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
mouse LD50 intraperitoneal 2702mg/kg (2702mg/kg)   Toxicology. Vol. 62, Pg. 203, 1990.
mouse LD50 intravenous 1400mg/kg (1400mg/kg)   Yaoxue Tongbao. Bulletin of Pharmacology. Vol. 18, Pg. 100, 1983.
rat LD50 oral 2260mg/kg (2260mg/kg)   Kodak Company Reports. Vol. #82-0158,

Physical Properties

Physical Property Value Units Temp (deg C) Source
Melting Point 188 deg C   EXP
Boiling Point 235 dec deg C   EXP
pKa Dissociation Constant 4.21 (none) 25 EXP
log P (octanol-water) -0.59 (none)   EXP
Water Solubility 8.32E+04 mg/L 25 EXP
Henry's Law Constant 3.57E-13 atm-m3/mole 25 EST
Atmospheric OH Rate Constant 2.76E-12 cm3/molecule-sec 25 EST

Physical property data is provided to ChemIDplus by SRC, Inc.