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Substance Name: Sodium cyanide [ISO]
RN: 143-33-9
UNII: O5DDB9Z95G
InChIKey: RTVFYQXEHKQMKO-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Note

  • A highly poisonous compound that is an inhibitor of many metabolic processes and is used as a test reagent for the function of chemoreceptors. It is also used in many industrial processes.

Molecular Formula

  • C-N-Na

Molecular Weight

  • 49.008
 

Classification Codes

Classification Codes

  • Agricultural Chemical
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Human Data
  • Indicators and Reagents
  • Mutation Data
  • Noxae
  • Poisons
  • Reproductive Effect
  • Rodenticide
  • Tumor Data

Superlist Classification Codes

  • Ceiling 5mg/m3; Skin
  • Reportable Quantity (RQ) = 10 lb
  • Threshold Planning Quantity (TPQ) = 100 lb

Names and Synonyms

Results Name

  • Sodium cyanide [ISO]

Name of Substance

  • Sodium cyanide

MeSH Heading

  • Sodium cyanide

Synonyms

  • 4-02-00-00050 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
  • BRN 3587243
  • Caswell No. 758
  • CCRIS 7712
  • Cianuro di sodio
  • Cianuro di sodio [Italian]
  • Cyanasalt H
  • Cyanasalt S
  • Cyanide of sodium
  • Cyanobrik
  • Cyanogran
  • Cyanure de sodium
  • Cyanure de sodium [French]
  • Cyanure de sodium [ISO-French]
  • Cymag
  • EC 205-599-4
  • EINECS 205-599-4
  • EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 074002
  • HSDB 734
  • Hydrocyanic acid, sodium salt
  • Kyanid sodny
  • Kyanid sodny [Czech]
  • M-44 cyanide capsules
  • NSC 77379
  • RCRA waste number P106
  • Sodium cyanide
  • Sodium cyanide [ISO]
  • UNII-O5DDB9Z95G

Systematic Names

  • Sodium cyanide
  • Sodium cyanide (Na(CN))

Superlist Names

  • Cyanide salts
  • Hydrogen cyanide and cyanide salts
  • RCRA waste no. P106
  • Sodium cyanide
  • Sodium cyanide (Na(CN))
  • Sodium cyanide solution
  • Sodium cyanide [UN1689] [Poison]
  • UN1689

Registry Numbers

CAS Registry Number

  • 143-33-9

FDA UNII

  • O5DDB9Z95G

Other Registry Numbers

  • 13998-03-3
  • 25596-52-5

System Generated Number

  • 0000143339

Structure Descriptors

InChI

1S/CN.Na/c1-2;

InChIKey

RTVFYQXEHKQMKO-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Smiles

[Na]C#N

Toxicity

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
bird - wild LD50 oral 4mg/kg (4mg/kg) LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: DYSPNEA

BEHAVIORAL: TREMOR

BEHAVIORAL: ATAXIA
Journal of Wildlife Diseases. Vol. 22, Pg. 538, 1986.
chicken LD50 oral 21mg/kg (21mg/kg) GASTROINTESTINAL: CHANGES IN STRUCTURE OR FUNCTION OF SALIVARY GLANDS

LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: OTHER CHANGES

SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: OTHER: EYE
Journal of Wildlife Diseases. Vol. 22, Pg. 538, 1986.
child LDLo oral 100mg/kg (100mg/kg) GASTROINTESTINAL: OTHER CHANGES Forensic Science International. Vol. 38, Pg. 173, 1988.
dog LD50 subcutaneous 5360ug/kg (5.36mg/kg)   JAMA, Journal of the American Medical Association. Vol. 149, Pg. 113, 1952.
dog LDLo intravenous 1300ug/kg (1.3mg/kg)   Federation Proceedings, Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. Vol. 6, Pg. 349, 1947.
domestic animals - goat/sheep LD50 oral 4mg/kg (4mg/kg)   Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. Vol. 45, Pg. 359, 1978.
duck LD50 oral 2500ug/kg (2.5mg/kg)   National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0530251,
frog LDLo parenteral 60mg/kg (60mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD

PERIPHERAL NERVE AND SENSATION: SPASTIC PARALYSIS WITH OR WITHOUT SENSORY CHANGE

BEHAVIORAL: CHANGES IN MOTOR ACTIVITY (SPECIFIC ASSAY)
Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archiv fuer Experimentelle Pathologie und Pharmakologie. Vol. 166, Pg. 437, 1932.
guinea pig LD50 subcutaneous 5800ug/kg (5.8mg/kg)   Medicina del Lavoro. Industrial Medicine. Vol. 46, Pg. 221, 1955.
human LDLo oral 2800ug/kg (2.8mg/kg)   National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0528336,
human LDLo oral 2857ug/kg (2.857mg/kg)   "Toxicology of Drugs and Chemicals," Deichmann, W.B., New York, Academic Press, Inc., 1969Vol. -, Pg. 191, 1969.
mammal (species unspecified) LD50 oral 8mg/kg (8mg/kg)   Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. Vol. 23, Pg. 211, 1979.
man LDLo oral 6557ug/kg (6.557mg/kg) GASTROINTESTINAL: GASTRITIS

BEHAVIORAL: FLUID INTAKE
Acta Pharmacologica et Toxicologica. Vol. 1, Pg. 18, 1945.
man LDLo unreported 2206ug/kg (2.206mg/kg)   "Poisoning; Toxicology, Symptoms, Treatments," 2nd ed., Arena, J.M., Springfield, IL, C.C. Thomas, 1970Vol. 2, Pg. 73, 1970.
man TDLo oral 714ug/kg (0.714mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: "HALLUCINATIONS, DISTORTED PERCEPTIONS"

BEHAVIORAL: MUSCLE WEAKNESS
Acta Pharmacologica et Toxicologica. Vol. 20, Pg. 291, 1963.
mouse LD50 intraperitoneal 4900ug/kg (4.9mg/kg)   National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0528336,
mouse LD50 subcutaneous 3600ug/kg (3.6mg/kg)   American Journal of Physiology. Vol. 179, Pg. 60, 1954.
mouse LD50 unreported 10mg/kg (10mg/kg)   Igaku No Ayumi. Progress in Medicine. Vol. 112, Pg. 861, 1980.
quail LD50 oral 8500ug/kg (8.5mg/kg) LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: DYSPNEA

BEHAVIORAL: TREMOR

BEHAVIORAL: ATAXIA
Journal of Wildlife Diseases. Vol. 22, Pg. 538, 1986.
rabbit LD50 intramuscular 1666ug/kg (1.666mg/kg)   Journal of the American College of Toxicology. Vol. 1(3), Pg. 120, 1982.
rabbit LD50 ocular 5048ug/kg (5.048mg/kg)   Journal of the American College of Toxicology. Vol. 1(3), Pg. 120, 1982.
rabbit LD50 skin 10400ug/kg (10.4mg/kg) LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: DYSPNEA

BEHAVIORAL: TREMOR

BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)
National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0536153,
rabbit LDLo subcutaneous 2200ug/kg (2.2mg/kg)   JAMA, Journal of the American Medical Association. Vol. 100, Pg. 1920, 1933.
rat LD50 intraperitoneal 4300ug/kg (4.3mg/kg)   Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 43(12), Pg. 90, 1978.
rat LD50 oral 6440ug/kg (6.44mg/kg)   "Sbornik Vysledku Toxixologickeho Vysetreni Latek A Pripravku," Marhold, J.V., Institut Pro Vychovu Vedoucicn Pracovniku Chemickeho Prumyclu Praha, Czechoslovakia, 1972Vol. -, Pg. 13, 1972.
women LDLo oral 40mg/kg (40mg/kg) GASTROINTESTINAL: OTHER CHANGES Forensic Science International. Vol. 38, Pg. 173, 1988.