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Substance Name: Erythritol [NF]
RN: 149-32-6
UNII: RA96B954X6
InChIKey: UNXHWFMMPAWVPI-ZXZARUISSA-N

Note

  • A four-carbon sugar that is found in algae, fungi, and lichens. It is twice as sweet as sucrose and can be used as a coronary vasodilator.

Molecular Formula

  • C4-H10-O4

Molecular Weight

  • 122.119
 

Classification Codes

  • Cardiovascular Agents
  • TSCA Flag PMN (a Commenced PMN (Premanufacture Notice) Substance)
  • Vasodilator Agents
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Names and Synonyms

Name of Substance

  • Erythritol
  • Erythritol [NF]

MeSH Heading

  • Erythritol

Synonyms

  • Antierythrite
  • C*Eridex
  • CCRIS 7901
  • EINECS 205-737-3
  • Erythrit
  • Erythritol
  • Erythritol, meso-
  • Erythrol
  • Erythrol (VAN)
  • HSDB 7968
  • L-Erythritol
  • meso-Erythritol
  • Mesoerythritol
  • NIK 242
  • NSC 8099
  • Paycite
  • Phycitol
  • UNII-RA96B954X6

Systematic Names

  • 1,2,3,4-Butanetetrol, (2R,3S)-rel-
  • 1,2,3,4-Butanetetrol, (R*,S*)-
  • 1,2,3,4-Butanetetrol, (theta,S)-
  • Erythritol

Registry Numbers

CAS Registry Number

  • 149-32-6

FDA UNII

  • RA96B954X6

Other Registry Numbers

  • 10030-58-7
  • 1646188-83-1
  • 1798874-12-0
  • 188346-77-2
  • 2075830-99-6
  • 868541-49-5
  • 882981-67-1
  • 909878-64-4

System Generated Number

  • 0000149326

Structure Descriptors

InChI

1S/C4H10O4/c5-1-3(7)4(8)2-6/h3-8H,1-2H2/t3-,4+

InChIKey

UNXHWFMMPAWVPI-ZXZARUISSA-N

Smiles

C([C@@H]([C@@H](CO)O)O)O

Toxicity

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
dog LDLo intravenous 5gm/kg (5000mg/kg)   "Merck Index; an Encyclopedia of Chemicals, Drugs, and Biologicals", 11th ed., Rahway, NJ 07065, Merck & Co., Inc. 1989Vol. 11, Pg. 576, 1989.
mouse LD50 intraperitoneal 7gm/kg (7000mg/kg)   Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine. Vol. 35, Pg. 98, 1936.

Physical Properties

Physical Property Value Units Temp (deg C) Source
Melting Point 121.5 deg C   EXP
Boiling Point 330.5 deg C   EXP
log P (octanol-water) -2.29E+00 (none)   EXP
Water Solubility 6.10E+05 mg/L 22 EXP
Vapor Pressure 2.37E-05 mm Hg 25 EST
Henry's Law Constant 3.08E-10 atm-m3/mole 25 EST
Atmospheric OH Rate Constant 2.91E-11 cm3/molecule-sec 25 EST

Physical property data is provided to ChemIDplus by SRC, Inc.