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Substance Name: Gyromitrin
RN: 16568-02-8
UNII: S9J72G0T46
InChIKey: IMAGWKUTFZRWSB-HWKANZROSA-N

Note

  • Isolated from edible mushroom Gyromitra (Helvella) esculenta; inhalation hallucinogen; highly toxic.

Molecular Formula

  • C4-H8-N2-O

Molecular Weight

  • 100.1202
 

Classification Codes

Classification Codes

  • Human Data
  • Mutation Data
  • Tumor Data

Superlist Classification Code

  • Overall Carcinogenic Evaluation: Group 3
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Names and Synonyms

Name of Substance

  • Gyromitrin

Synonyms

  • Acetaldehyde formylmethylhydrazone
  • Acetaldehyde methylformylhydrazone
  • Acetaldehyde N-methyl-N-formylhydrazone
  • Acetaldehyde N-methylformylhydrazone
  • Acetaldehyde, N-formyl-N-methylhydrazone
  • Acetaldehyde-N-formyl-N-methylhydrazone
  • Acetaldehyde-N-methyl-N-formylhydrazone
  • Acetylaldehyde-N-methyl-N-formylhydrazone
  • BRN 1922396
  • CCRIS 5705
  • Cetaldehyde methylformylhydrazone
  • Ethylidene gyromitrin
  • Formic acid, 2-ethylidene-1-methylhydrazide
  • Formic acid, ethylidenemethylhydrazide
  • Gyromitrin
  • HSDB 3489
  • Hydrazine carboxaldehyde, ethylidenemethyl-
  • Hydrazine carboxyaldehyde, ethylidenemethyl-
  • Hydrazinecarboxaldehyde, ethylidenemethyl-
  • N-Methyl-N-formyl hydrazone of acetaldehyde
  • NSC 240877
  • UNII-S9J72G0T46

Systematic Names

  • Formic acid, ethylidenemethylhydrazide
  • Gyromitrin
  • Hydrazinecarboxaldehyde, ethylidenemethyl-
  • Hydrazinecarboxaldehyde, ethylidenemethyl- (9CI)

Superlist Names

  • Acetaldehyde methylformylhydrazone
  • Gyromitrin
  • Hydrazinecarboxaldehyde, ethylidenemethyl-

Registry Numbers

CAS Registry Number

  • 16568-02-8

FDA UNII

  • S9J72G0T46

Other Registry Number

  • 69349-96-8

System Generated Number

  • 0016568028

Structure Descriptors

InChI

1S/C4H8N2O/c1-3-5-6(2)4-7/h3-4H,1-2H3/b5-3+

InChIKey

IMAGWKUTFZRWSB-HWKANZROSA-N

Smiles

N(/N=C/C)(C=O)C

Toxicity

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
child LDLo unreported 10mg/kg (10mg/kg)   Mitteilungen aus dem Gebiete der Lebensmitteluntersuchung und Hygiene. Vol. 65, Pg. 453, 1974.
human LDLo unreported 20mg/kg (20mg/kg)   Mitteilungen aus dem Gebiete der Lebensmitteluntersuchung und Hygiene. Vol. 65, Pg. 453, 1974.
mouse LD50 oral 344mg/kg (344mg/kg)   Mutation Research. Vol. 54, Pg. 167, 1978.
rabbit LD50 oral 50mg/kg (50mg/kg)   Naturwissenschaften. Vol. 62, Pg. 395, 1975.
rat LD50 oral 320mg/kg (320mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: FOOD INTAKE (ANIMAL)

BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)

BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 15, Pg. 575, 1977.