Skip Navigation
ChemIDplus A TOXNET DATABASE LiteBrowseAdvanced

Substance Name: Tartrazine
RN: 1934-21-0
UNII: I753WB2F1M
InChIKey: UJMBCXLDXJUMFB-GLCFPVLVSA-K

Note

  • An anionic, hydrophilic azo dye with an orange-yellow color used in fabrics, foods and cosmetics, and as a biological stain.

Molecular Formulas

  • C16-H12-N4-O9-S2.3Na
  • C16-H9-N4-O9-S2.3Na

Molecular Weight

  • 534.3681
 

Classification Codes

  • Coloring Agents
  • Food Additives
  • Food Coloring Agents
  • Human Data
  • Mutation Data
  • Reproductive Effect

Names and Synonyms

Name of Substance

  • 1H-Pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid, 4,5-dihydro-5-oxo-1-(4-sulfophenyl)-4-((4-sulfophenyl)azo)-, trisodium salt
  • 4,5-Dihydro-5-oxo-1-(4-sulfophenyl)-4-((4-sulfophenyl)azo)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid, trisodium salt
  • Acid Yellow 23
  • CI 19140
  • FD & C Yellow No. 5
  • Tartrazine

MeSH Heading

  • Tartrazine

Synonyms

  • 1-(4-Sulfophenyl)-4-((4-sulfophenyl)azo)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic
  • 1310 Yellow
  • 1409 Yellow
  • 1H-Pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid, 4,5-dihydro-5-oxo-1-(4-sulfophenyl)-4-((4-sulfophenyl)azo)-, trisodium salt
  • 3-Carboxy-5-hydroxy-1-p-sulfophenyl-4-p-sulfophenylazopyrazole trisodium salt
  • A.F. Yellow No. 4
  • Acid Leather Yellow T
  • Acid Yellow 23
  • Acid Yellow T
  • Acilan Yellow GG
  • Airedale Yellow T
  • Aizen tartrazine
  • Amacid Yellow T
  • Atul Tartrazine
  • Bucacid tartrazine
  • C.I. 19140
  • C.I. 640
  • C.I. Acid Yellow 23
  • C.I. Acid Yellow 23, trisodium salt
  • C.I. Food Yellow 4
  • Calcocid Yellow MCG
  • Calcocid Yellow XX
  • Canacert tartrazine
  • CCRIS 2656
  • Certicol Tartrazol Yellow S
  • Cilefa Yellow T
  • Curon Fast Yellow 5G
  • D and C Yellow No. 5
  • D&C Yellow 5
  • Dolkwal tartrazine
  • Dye FD and C Yellow No. 5
  • Dye Yellow Lake
  • E 102
  • Edicol Supra Tartrazine N
  • Egg Yellow A
  • EINECS 217-699-5
  • Erio Tartrazine
  • Eurocert tartrazine
  • FD & C Yellow No. 5
  • FD & C Yellow No. 5 tartrazine
  • FD and C Yellow 5
  • FD&C Yellow No. 5
  • FD&G Yellow No. 5
  • Fenazo Yellow T
  • Food Yellow 4
  • Food Yellow 5
  • Food Yellow No. 4
  • Food Yellow No. 5
  • HD tartrazine
  • HD Tartrazine Supra
  • Hexacert Yellow No. 5
  • Hexacol tartrazine
  • Hidazid tartrazine
  • Hispacid Fast Yellow T
  • HSDB 7216
  • Hydrazine Yellow
  • Hydroxine Yellow L
  • Kako tartrazine
  • Kayaku Food Colour Yellow No. 4
  • Kayaku tartrazine
  • Kca Foodcol Tartrazine PF
  • Kca Tartrazine PF
  • Kiton Yellow T
  • L Yellow Z 1020
  • L-Gelb 2
  • L-Gelb 2 [German]
  • Lake Yellow
  • Lemon Yellow A
  • Lemon Yellow A Geigy
  • m-8847
  • Maple Tartrazol Yellow
  • Mitsui tartrazine
  • Naphtocard Yellow O
  • Neklacid Yellow T
  • NSC 4760
  • Oxanal Yellow T
  • San-ei Tartrazine
  • Schultz No. 737
  • Sugai tartrazine
  • Tartar Yellow FS
  • Tartar Yellow N
  • Tartar Yellow PF
  • Tartar Yellow S
  • Tartran Yellow
  • Tartraphenine
  • Tartrazine
  • Tartrazine A expo T
  • Tartrazine A Export
  • Tartrazine B
  • Tartrazine B.P.C.
  • Tartrazine C
  • Tartrazine C Extra
  • Tartrazine Extra Pure A
  • Tartrazine FD & C Yellow #5
  • Tartrazine FD&C Yellow #5
  • Tartrazine FQ
  • Tartrazine G
  • Tartrazine Lake
  • Tartrazine Lake Yellow N
  • Tartrazine M
  • Tartrazine MCGL
  • Tartrazine N
  • Tartrazine NS
  • Tartrazine O
  • Tartrazine O Specially Pure
  • Tartrazine T
  • Tartrazine XX
  • Tartrazine XX Specially Pure
  • Tartrazine XXX
  • Tartrazine Yellow
  • Tartrazine Yellow 5
  • Tartrazol BPC
  • Tartrazol Yellow
  • Tartrine Yellow O
  • Trisodium 3-carboxy-5-hydroxy-1-p-sulfophenyl-4-p-sulfophenylazopyrazole
  • Trisodium 4,5-dihydro-5-oxo-1-(4-sulfophenyl)-4-((4-sulfophenyl)azo)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxylate
  • Trisodium salt of 3-carboxy-5-hydroxy-1-sulfophenylazopyrazole
  • UNII-I753WB2F1M
  • Unitertracid Yellow TE
  • Usacert Yellow No. 5
  • Vondacid tartrazine
  • Wool Yellow
  • Xylene Fast Yellow GT
  • Y-4
  • Yellow 5
  • Yellow Lake 69
  • Yellow No. 5
  • Yellow No. 5 FDC
  • Zlut kysela 23
  • Zlut kysela 23 [Czech]
  • Zlut pigment 100
  • Zlut pigment 100 [Czech]
  • Zlut potravinarska 4
  • Zlut potravinarska 4 [Czech]

Systematic Names

  • 1H-Pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid, 4,5-dihydro-5-oxo-1-(4-sulfophenyl)-4-((4-sulfophenyl)azo)-, trisodium salt
  • 1H-Pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid, 4,5-dihydro-5-oxo-1-(4-sulfophenyl)-4-(2-(4-sulfophenyl)diazenyl)-, sodium salt (1:3)
  • C.I. Acid Yellow 23, trisodium salt (VAN) (8CI)
  • Pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid, 5-hydroxy-1-(p-sulfophenyl)-4-(p-sulfophenyl)azo-, trisodium salt
  • Tartrazine
  • Trisodium 5-hydroxy-1-(4-sulphophenyl)-4-(4-sulphophenylazo)pyrazole-3-carboxylate

Superlist Names

  • Acid Yellow 23
  • C.I. Acid Yellow 23
  • C.I. Acid Yellow 23, trisodium salt
  • FD&C Yellow No. 5

Registry Numbers

CAS Registry Number

  • 1934-21-0

FDA UNII

  • I753WB2F1M

Other Registry Numbers

  • 117209-34-4
  • 12000-64-5
  • 1342-47-8
  • 1342-53-6
  • 134240-82-7
  • 139601-06-2
  • 154881-98-8
  • 183808-13-1
  • 191807-79-1
  • 389057-90-3
  • 469888-21-9
  • 50809-64-8
  • 642-62-6
  • 84842-94-4

Related Registry Numbers

  • 34175-08-1 (parent)
  • 74920-66-4 (barium salt)
  • 84681-80-1 (barium salt (2:3))

System Generated Number

  • 0001934210

Molecular Formulas

Molecular Formulas

  • C16-H12-N4-O9-S2.3Na
  • C16-H9-N4-O9-S2.3Na

Molecular Formula Fragments

  • C16-H12-N4-O9-S2
  • C16-H9-N4-O9-S2
  • COMPONENT
  • Na

Structure Descriptors

InChI

1S/C16H12N4O9S2.3Na/c21-15-13(18-17-9-1-5-11(6-2-9)30(24,25)26)14(16(22)23)19-20(15)10-3-7-12(8-4-10)31(27,28)29;;;/h1-8,13H,(H,22,23)(H,24,25,26)(H,27,28,29);;;/q;3*+1/p-3/b18-17+;;;

InChIKey

UJMBCXLDXJUMFB-GLCFPVLVSA-K

Smiles

n1(c2ccc(cc2)S(=O)(=O)[O-])c(c(c(n1)C(=O)[O-])/N=N/c1ccc(cc1)S(=O)(=O)[O-])O.[Na+].[Na+].[Na+]

Toxicity

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
human TDLo oral 14ug/kg (0.014mg/kg) MUSCULOSKELETAL: CHANGES IN TEETH AND SUPPORTING STRUCTURES

PERIPHERAL NERVE AND SENSATION: PARESTHESIS
Annals of Allergy. Vol. 17, Pg. 719, 1959.
mouse LD50 oral 12750mg/kg (12750mg/kg)   FAO Nutrition Meetings Report Series. Vol. 38B, Pg. 88, 1966.
rat LD50 intraperitoneal > 2gm/kg (2000mg/kg)   FAO Nutrition Meetings Report Series. Vol. 38B, Pg. 88, 1966.
rat LD50 intravenous > 2gm/kg (2000mg/kg)   Annales Pharmaceutiques Francaises. Vol. 15, Pg. 402, 1957.

Physical Properties

Physical Property Value Units Temp (deg C) Source
log P (octanol-water) -10.17 (none)   EST
Atmospheric OH Rate Constant 3.69E-11 cm3/molecule-sec 25 EST

Physical property data is provided to ChemIDplus by SRC, Inc.