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Substance Name: Propofol [USAN:USP:INN:BAN]
RN: 2078-54-8
UNII: YI7VU623SF
InChIKey: OLBCVFGFOZPWHH-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Note

  • An intravenous anesthetic agent which has the advantage of a very rapid onset after infusion or bolus injection plus a very short recovery period of a couple of minutes. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1992, 1st ed, p206). Propofol has been used as ANTICONVULSANTS and ANTIEMETICS.

Molecular Formula

  • C12-H18-O

Molecular Weight

  • 178.273
 

Classification Codes

  • Anesthetic (Intravenous)
  • Anesthetics
  • Anesthetics, General
  • Anesthetics, Intravenous
  • Central Nervous System Agents
  • Central Nervous System Depressants
  • Drug / Therapeutic Agent
  • Human Data
  • Hypnotics and Sedatives
  • Reproductive Effect

Names and Synonyms

Name of Substance

  • Propofol
  • Propofol [USAN:USP:INN:BAN]

MeSH Heading

  • Propofol

Synonyms

  • 2,6-Bis(1-methylethyl)phenol
  • 2,6-Diisopropylphenol
  • 4-06-00-03435 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
  • AI3-26295
  • Ampofol
  • Aquafo
  • BRN 1866484
  • CCRIS 9000
  • Diisopropylphenol
  • Diprifusor
  • Diprivan
  • Diprivan 10
  • Diprivan Injectable emulsion
  • Diprofol
  • Disoprivan
  • EINECS 218-206-6
  • Fresofol
  • HSDB 7123
  • ICI 35,868
  • ICI 35868
  • Ivofol
  • NSC 5105
  • Pofol
  • Propofol
  • Propofol-lipuro
  • Propofolum
  • Propofolum [Latin]
  • Propovan
  • Propoven
  • Rapinovet
  • Recofol
  • UNII-YI7VU623SF

Systematic Names

  • Disoprofol
  • Phenol, 2,6-bis(1-methylethyl)-
  • Phenol, 2,6-diisopropyl-

Registry Numbers

CAS Registry Number

  • 2078-54-8

FDA UNII

  • YI7VU623SF

Other Registry Numbers

  • 28449-97-0
  • 50356-15-5

System Generated Number

  • 0002078548

Structure Descriptors

InChI

1S/C12H18O/c1-8(2)10-6-5-7-11(9(3)4)12(10)13/h5-9,13H,1-4H3

InChIKey

OLBCVFGFOZPWHH-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Smiles

c1(c(c(C(C)C)ccc1)O)C(C)C

Toxicity

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
dog LD50 intravenous 30mg/kg (30mg/kg)   Gekkan Yakuji. Pharmaceuticals Monthly. Vol. 38, Pg. 1117, 1996.
man LDLo intravenous 386mg/kg/14D- (386mg/kg) LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: PLEURAL THICKENING Critical Care Medicine. Vol. 23, Pg. 1928, 1995.
man TDLo unreported 2857ug/kg/1D- (2.857mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: "HALLUCINATIONS, DISTORTED PERCEPTIONS"

BEHAVIORAL: REGIDITY

BEHAVIORAL: IRRITABILITY
Anaesthesia. Vol. 43, Pg. 170, 1988.
mouse LD50 intraperitoneal 170mg/kg (170mg/kg)   Journal of Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Chemistry. Vol. 2, Pg. 201, 1960.
mouse LD50 intravenous 50mg/kg (50mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: GENERAL ANESTHETIC

BEHAVIORAL: ANALGESIA

BEHAVIORAL: ALTERED SLEEP TIME (INCLUDING CHANGE IN RIGHTING REFLEX)
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. Vol. 23, Pg. 1350, 1980.
mouse LD50 oral 1100mg/kg (1100mg/kg)   Iyakuhin Kenkyu. Study of Medical Supplies. Vol. 26, Pg. 953, 1995.
rabbit LDLo intravenous 20mg/kg (20mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: MUSCLE WEAKNESS

BEHAVIORAL: GENERAL ANESTHETIC

BEHAVIORAL: SLEEP
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. Vol. 23, Pg. 1350, 1980.
rat LD50 intravenous 42mg/kg (42mg/kg)   Yakuri to Chiryo. Pharmacology and Therapeutics. Vol. 21, Pg. 11, 1993.
rat LD50 oral 500mg/kg (500mg/kg)   Iyakuhin Kenkyu. Study of Medical Supplies. Vol. 26, Pg. 953, 1995.

Physical Properties

Physical Property Value Units Temp (deg C) Source
Melting Point 18 deg C   EXP
Boiling Point 256 deg C   EXP
pKa Dissociation Constant 11.1 (none) 20 EXP
log P (octanol-water) 3.79 (none)   EXP
Water Solubility 124 mg/L 25 EST
Vapor Pressure 3.05E-03 mm Hg 25 EST
Henry's Law Constant 2.12E-06 atm-m3/mole 25 EST
Atmospheric OH Rate Constant 5.30E-11 cm3/molecule-sec 25 EST

Physical property data is provided to ChemIDplus by SRC, Inc.