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Substance Name: Carnitine [INN]
RN: 406-76-8
UNII: S7UI8SM58A
InChIKey: PHIQHXFUZVPYII-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Note

  • A constituent of STRIATED MUSCLE and LIVER. It is an amino acid derivative and an essential cofactor for fatty acid metabolism.

Molecular Formula

  • C7-H15-N-O3

Molecular Weight

  • 161.1995
 
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Names and Synonyms

Name of Substance

  • Carnitine DL-form
  • Carnitine [INN]

MeSH Heading

  • Carnitine

Synonyms

  • (+-)-Carnitine
  • Cardiogen
  • Carnicor
  • Carnitine
  • Carnum
  • DL-Carnitine
  • EINECS 206-976-6
  • Excitine
  • Miocor
  • Miotonal
  • Novain
  • Novaine
  • UNII-S7UI8SM58A
  • Vitacarn

Systematic Names

  • (1)-(3-Carboxy-2-hydroxypropyl)trimethylammonium hydroxide
  • 1-Propanaminium, 3-carboxy-2-hydroxy-N,N,N-trimethyl-, hydroxide, inner salt, (+-)- (9CI)
  • Ammonium, (3-carboxy-2-hydroxypropyl)trimethyl-, hydroxide, inner salt, DL-

Registry Numbers

CAS Registry Number

  • 406-76-8

FDA UNII

  • S7UI8SM58A

Other Registry Numbers

  • 122195-30-6
  • 15183-21-8
  • 461-06-3

System Generated Number

  • 0000406768

Structure Descriptors

InChI

1S/C7H15NO3/c1-8(2,3)5-6(9)4-7(10)11/h6,9H,4-5H2,1-3H3

InChIKey

PHIQHXFUZVPYII-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Smiles

C[N+](C)(C)CC(CC(=O)[O-])O

Toxicity

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
mouse LD50 intravenous 610mg/kg (610mg/kg)   British UK Patent Application. Vol. #2008578,
mouse LD50 subcutaneous 11500mg/kg (11500mg/kg) LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: CYANOSIS

BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD

BEHAVIORAL: FLUID INTAKE
Acta Biologica et Medica Germanica. Vol. 3, Pg. 28, 1959.
rat LD50 intravenous 995mg/kg (995mg/kg)   British UK Patent Application. Vol. #2008578,
rat LD50 subcutaneous 13500mg/kg (13500mg/kg)   Acta Biologica et Medica Germanica. Vol. 3, Pg. 28, 1959.