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Substance Name: Glucose [JAN]
RN: 50-99-7
UNII: 5SL0G7R0OK
InChIKey: GZCGUPFRVQAUEE-SLPGGIOYSA-N

Note

  • A primary source of energy for living organisms. It is naturally occurring and is found in fruits and other parts of plants in its free state. It is used therapeutically in fluid and nutrient replacement.

Molecular Formula

  • C6-H12-O6

Molecular Weight

  • 180.1548
 

Classification Codes

  • Flavoring Agents
  • Food Additives
  • Human Data
  • Mutation Data
  • Reproductive Effect
  • Sweetening Agents
  • Tumor Data

Names and Synonyms

Results Name

  • Glucose [JAN]

Name of Substance

  • D-Glucose, anhydrous
  • Dextrose [USAN]
  • Glucose
  • Glucose [JAN]

MeSH Heading

  • Glucose

Synonyms

  • 4-01-00-04302 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
  • AI3-09328
  • Anhydrous dextrose
  • Blood sugar
  • BRN 1724615
  • Cartose
  • CCRIS 950
  • Cerelose
  • Cerelose 2001
  • Corn sugar
  • D(+)-Glucose
  • D-Glucose
  • D-Glucose, anhydrous
  • Dextropur
  • Dextrose
  • Dextrose, anhydrous
  • Dextrosol
  • EINECS 200-075-1
  • Glucolin
  • Glucose
  • Glucose liquid
  • Glucose, anhydrous
  • Glucosteril
  • Goldsugar
  • Grape sugar
  • HSDB 489
  • Maxim Energy Gel
  • NSC 406891
  • Sirup
  • Staleydex 111
  • Staleydex 333
  • Sugar, grape
  • Tabfine 097(HS)
  • Traubenzucker
  • UNII-5SL0G7R0OK
  • Vadex

Systematic Names

  • D-Glucose
  • Glucose

Superlist Names

  • alpha-D-Glucopyranose
  • Corn sugar
  • D-Glucose
  • Dextrose
  • Dextrose solution
  • Glucose solution

Mixture Name

  • Nauzene

Registry Numbers

CAS Registry Number

  • 50-99-7

FDA UNII

  • 5SL0G7R0OK

Other Registry Numbers

  • 111688-73-4
  • 162222-91-5
  • 165659-51-8
  • 50933-92-1
  • 8012-24-6
  • 80206-31-1
  • 8030-23-7

System Generated Number

  • 0000050997

Structure Descriptors

InChI

1S/C6H12O6/c7-1-3(9)5(11)6(12)4(10)2-8/h1,3-6,8-12H,2H2/t3-,4+,5+,6+/m0/s1

InChIKey

GZCGUPFRVQAUEE-SLPGGIOYSA-N

Smiles

OC[C@H]([C@H]([C@@H]([C@H](C=O)O)O)O)O

Toxicity

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
dog LDLo oral 8gm/kg (8000mg/kg)   "Handbook of Toxicology," 4 vols., Philadelphia, W.B. Saunders Co., 1956-59Vol. 1, Pg. 150, 1955.
mouse LD50 intraperitoneal 18gm/kg (18000mg/kg)   Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine. Vol. 35, Pg. 98, 1936.
mouse LD50 intravenous 9gm/kg (9000mg/kg)   Arzneimittel-Forschung. Drug Research. Vol. 18, Pg. 666, 1968.
rabbit LDLo intravenous 12gm/kg (12000mg/kg)   "Handbook of Toxicology," 4 vols., Philadelphia, W.B. Saunders Co., 1956-59Vol. 1, Pg. 150, 1955.
rabbit LDLo oral 20gm/kg (20000mg/kg)   "Handbook of Toxicology," 4 vols., Philadelphia, W.B. Saunders Co., 1956-59Vol. 1, Pg. 150, 1955.
rat LD50 oral 25800mg/kg (25800mg/kg) GASTROINTESTINAL: "HYPERMOTILITY, DIARRHEA"

BEHAVIORAL: COMA

LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: CYANOSIS
"Toxicity of Pure Foods," Boyd, E.M., Cleveland, OH, CRC Press, 1973Vol. -, Pg. 39, 1973.

Physical Properties

Physical Property Value Units Temp (deg C) Source
Melting Point 83 deg C   EXP
pKa Dissociation Constant 12.92 (none) 0 EXP
log P (octanol-water) -3.24E+00 (none)   EXP
Water Solubility 1.20E+06 mg/L 30 EXP
Vapor Pressure 1.82E-08 mm Hg 25 EST
Henry's Law Constant 5.88E-11 atm-m3/mole 25 EST
Atmospheric OH Rate Constant 1.04E-10 cm3/molecule-sec 25 EST

Physical property data is provided to ChemIDplus by SRC, Inc.