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Substance Name: Glyceraldehyde
RN: 56-82-6
UNII: DI19XSG16H
InChIKey: MNQZXJOMYWMBOU-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Note

  • An aldotriose containing the propionaldehyde structure with hydroxy groups at the 2- and 3-positions. It is involved in the formation of ADVANCED GLYCOSYLATION END PRODUCTS.

Molecular Formula

  • C3-H6-O3

Molecular Weight

  • 90.0774
 

Classification Code

  • Mutation Data
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Names and Synonyms

Name of Substance

  • Glyceraldehyde

MeSH Heading

  • Glyceraldehyde

Synonyms

  • 2,3-Dihydroxypropanal
  • 2,3-Dihydroxypropionaldehyde
  • 3-01-00-03282 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
  • AI3-24475
  • alpha,beta-Dihydroxypropionaldehyde
  • BRN 0635844
  • DL-GLYC
  • DLG
  • EINECS 200-290-0
  • EINECS 206-695-9
  • Glyceraldehyde
  • Glyceraldehyde, (+-)-
  • Glyceric aldehyde
  • Glycerinaldehyde
  • Glycerinformal
  • Glycerose
  • NSC 67934
  • Propionaldehyde, 2,3-dihydroxy-
  • U 1188
  • UNII-DI19XSG16H

Systematic Names

  • DL-Glyceraldehyde
  • Propanal, 2,3-dihydroxy-

Registry Numbers

CAS Registry Number

  • 56-82-6

FDA UNII

  • DI19XSG16H

Other Registry Number

  • 367-47-5

System Generated Number

  • 0000056826

Structure Descriptors

InChI

1S/C3H6O3/c4-1-3(6)2-5/h1,3,5-6H,2H2

InChIKey

MNQZXJOMYWMBOU-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Smiles

C([C@@H](C=O)O)O

Toxicity

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
rat LD50 intraperitoneal 2gm/kg (2000mg/kg)   Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology. Vol. 17, Pg. 814, 1965.
rat LDLo oral 5gm/kg (5000mg/kg)   American Journal of Hygiene. Vol. 76, Pg. 209, 1962.

Physical Properties

Physical Property Value Units Temp (deg C) Source
Melting Point 145 deg C   EXP
log P (octanol-water) -1.070 (none)   EST
Water Solubility 2.92E+04 mg/L 18 EXP
Atmospheric OH Rate Constant 4.01E-11 cm3/molecule-sec 25 EST

Physical property data is provided to ChemIDplus by SRC, Inc.