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Substance Name: Glutamine [USAN:USP:INN]
RN: 56-85-9
UNII: 0RH81L854J
InChIKey: ZDXPYRJPNDTMRX-VKHMYHEASA-N

Note

  • A non-essential amino acid present abundantly throughout the body and is involved in many metabolic processes. It is synthesized from GLUTAMIC ACID and AMMONIA. It is the principal carrier of NITROGEN in the body and is an important energy source for many cells.

Molecular Formula

  • C5-H10-N2-O3

Molecular Weight

  • 146.145
 

Classification Codes

  • Dietary Supplement
  • Drug / Therapeutic Agent
  • Human Data
  • Mutation Data

Names and Synonyms

Name of Substance

  • Glutamine
  • Glutamine [USAN:USP:INN]

MeSH Heading

  • Glutamine

Synonyms

  • (S)-2,5-Diamino-5-oxopentanoic acid
  • 2,5-Diamino-5-oxopentanoic acid, (S)-
  • 2-Aminoglutaramic acid
  • 2-Aminoglutaramic acid, L-
  • 4-04-00-03038 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
  • AI3-24392
  • BRN 1723797
  • CCRIS 9428
  • Cebrogen
  • EINECS 200-292-1
  • FEMA No. 3684
  • Glavamin
  • Glumin
  • Glumin (amino acid)
  • Glutamic acid 5-amide
  • Glutamic acid amide
  • Glutamine
  • Glutamine (VAN)
  • HSDB 8165
  • L-(+)-Glutamine
  • L-2-Aminoglutaramidic acid
  • L-Glutamic acid gamma-amide
  • L-Glutamide
  • L-Glutamine
  • L-Glutamine [JAN]
  • Levoglutamid
  • Levoglutamida
  • Levoglutamida [INN-Spanish]
  • Levoglutamide
  • Levoglutamidum
  • Levoglutamidum [INN-Latin]
  • Miglu-P
  • NSC 27421
  • Nutrestore
  • Pentanoic acid, 2,5-diamino-5-oxo-, (S)-
  • Saforis
  • Stimulina
  • UNII-0RH81L854J

Systematic Names

  • Glutamine
  • L-Glutamine
  • Levoglutamide

Superlist Name

  • Glutamine, L-

Registry Numbers

CAS Registry Number

  • 56-85-9

FDA UNII

  • 0RH81L854J

Other Registry Number

  • 32640-56-5

System Generated Number

  • 0000056859

Structure Descriptors

InChI

1S/C5H10N2O3/c6-3(5(9)10)1-2-4(7)8/h3H,1-2,6H2,(H2,7,8)(H,9,10)/t3-/m0/s1

InChIKey

ZDXPYRJPNDTMRX-VKHMYHEASA-N

Smiles

C(CC(=O)N)[C@@H](C(=O)O)N

Toxicity

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
man TDLo oral 27mg/kg/1W-I (27mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: EUPHORIA American Journal of Psychiatry. Vol. 141, Pg. 1302, 1984.
mouse LD50 oral 21700mg/kg (21700mg/kg)   Drugs in Japan Vol. 6, Pg. 228, 1982.
rat LD50 oral 7500mg/kg (7500mg/kg)   Drugs in Japan Vol. 6, Pg. 228, 1982.

Physical Properties

Physical Property Value Units Temp (deg C) Source
Melting Point 185.5 dec deg C   EXP
pKa Dissociation Constant 2.17 (none)   EXP
log P (octanol-water) -3.64E+00 (none)   EXP
Water Solubility 4.13E+04 mg/L 25 EXP
Vapor Pressure 1.90E-08 mm Hg 25 EST
Henry's Law Constant 3.01E-16 atm-m3/mole 25 EST
Atmospheric OH Rate Constant 4.55E-11 cm3/molecule-sec 25 EST

Physical property data is provided to ChemIDplus by SRC, Inc.