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Substance Name: Betaine hydrochloride [USP]
RN: 590-46-5
UNII: JK8U8K4D6K
InChIKey: HOPSCVCBEOCPJZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Note

  • A naturally occurring compound that has been of interest for its role in osmoregulation. As a drug, betaine hydrochloride has been used as a source of hydrochloric acid in the treatment of hypochlorhydria. Betaine has also been used in the treatment of liver disorders, for hyperkalemia, for homocystinuria, and for gastrointestinal disturbances. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1341)

Molecular Formula

  • C5-H12-N-O2.Cl

Molecular Weight

  • 153.6078
 

Classification Code

  • Replenisher Adjunct (Electrolyte)
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Names and Synonyms

Name of Substance

  • Betaine hydrochloride
  • Betaine hydrochloride [USP]

Synonyms

  • (Carboxymethyl)trimethylammonium chloride
  • 1-Carboxy-N,N,N-trimethylmethanaminium, chloride
  • Achylin
  • Acidin
  • Acidine
  • Acidogeno
  • Acidol
  • Acidol hydrochloride
  • Acinorm
  • Acipepsol
  • Aciventral forte
  • AI3-18301
  • Ammonium, (carboxymethyl)trimethyl-, chloride
  • Betaine chloride
  • Betaine HCl
  • Betaine hydrochloride
  • CCRIS 3354
  • Clorhidrato de betaina
  • Cystadane
  • EINECS 209-683-1
  • Glycine betaine hydrochloride
  • Glycocoll betain hydrochloride
  • Glycocollbetaine hydrochloride
  • Glykokollbetain-chlorid
  • Glykokollbetain-chlorid [German]
  • Methanaminium, 1-carboxy-N,N,N-trimethyl-, chloride
  • NSC 32191
  • NSC 3976
  • Pluchine
  • Rubrine C hydrochloride
  • UNII-JK8U8K4D6K

Systematic Names

  • Ammonium, (carboxymethyl)trimethyl-, chloride
  • Betaine chloride
  • Betaine hydrochloride
  • Methanaminium, 1-carboxy-N,N,N-trimethyl-, chloride
  • Methanaminium, 1-carboxy-N,N,N-trimethyl-, chloride (1:1)

Mixture Name

  • Acidol-pepsin

Registry Numbers

CAS Registry Number

  • 590-46-5

FDA UNII

  • JK8U8K4D6K

Other Registry Numbers

  • 11042-13-0
  • 125883-10-5
  • 141-58-2
  • 67332-80-3
  • 771476-78-9

Related Registry Number

  • 107-43-7 (Parent)

System Generated Number

  • 0000590465

Molecular Formulas

Molecular Formula

  • C5-H12-N-O2.Cl

Molecular Formula Fragments

  • C5-H11-N-O2
  • Cl
  • COMPONENT

Structure Descriptors

InChI

InChI=1S/C5H11NO2.ClH/c1-6(2,3)4-5(7)8;/h4H2,1-3H3;1H

InChIKey

HOPSCVCBEOCPJZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Smiles

[Cl-].C[N+](C)(C)CC(=O)O

Toxicity

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
mouse LD50 subcutaneous 8gm/kg (8000mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD

LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: CYANOSIS

BEHAVIORAL: FLUID INTAKE
Acta Biologica et Medica Germanica. Vol. 3, Pg. 28, 1959.

Physical Properties

Physical Property Value Units Temp (deg C) Source
Melting Point 241-242 deg C   EXP
log P (octanol-water) -4.930 (none)   EST
Water Solubility 1.00E+06 mg/L 25 EST
Vapor Pressure 1.67E-07 mm Hg 25 EST
Henry's Law Constant 6.19E-16 atm-m3/mole 25 EST
Atmospheric OH Rate Constant 1.08E-11 cm3/molecule-sec 25 EST

Physical property data is provided to ChemIDplus by SRC, Inc.