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Substance Name: Acetic acid, glacial [USP:JAN]
RN: 64-19-7
UNII: Q40Q9N063P
InChIKey: QTBSBXVTEAMEQO-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Note

  • Product of the oxidation of ethanol and of the destructive distillation of wood. It is used locally, occasionally internally, as a counterirritant and also as a reagent. (Stedman, 26th ed)

Molecular Formula

  • C2-H4-O2

Molecular Weight

  • 60.0516
 

Classification Codes

Classification Codes

  • Human Data
  • Indicators and Reagents
  • Mutation Data
  • Pharmaceutic Aid (Acidifying Agent)
  • Reproductive Effect
  • Skin / Eye Irritant

Superlist Classification Codes

  • Reportable Quantity (RQ) = 5000 lb
  • TWA (10 ppm); STEL (15 ppm)
  • TWA 10 ppm(25 mg/m3)

Names and Synonyms

Name of Substance

  • Acetic acid
  • Acetic acid, glacial [USP:JAN]

MeSH Heading

  • Acetic acid

Synonyms

  • 4-02-00-00094 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
  • Acetasol
  • Acetic acid
  • Acetic acid (natural)
  • Acetic acid 0.25% in plastic container
  • Acetic acid, glacial
  • Aceticum acidum
  • Aci-Jel
  • Acide acetique
  • Acide acetique [French]
  • Acido acetico
  • Acido acetico [Italian]
  • AI3-02394
  • Azijnzuur
  • Azijnzuur [Dutch]
  • BRN 0506007
  • Caswell No. 003
  • CCRIS 5952
  • EC 200-580-7
  • EINECS 200-580-7
  • EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 044001
  • Essigsaeure
  • Essigsaeure [German]
  • Ethanoic acid
  • Ethanoic acid monomer
  • Ethylic acid
  • FEMA No. 2006
  • FEMA Number 2006
  • Glacial acetic acid
  • HSDB 40
  • Kyselina octova
  • Kyselina octova [Czech]
  • Methanecarboxylic acid
  • NSC 132953
  • Octowy kwas
  • Octowy kwas [Polish]
  • Orlex
  • Pyroligneous acid
  • UNII-Q40Q9N063P
  • Vinegar acid
  • Vosol

Systematic Names

  • Acetic acid
  • Acetic acid, of a concentration of more than 10 per cent, by weight, of acetic acid

Superlist Names

  • Acetic acid
  • Acetic acid solution, not less than 50% but more than 80% acid, by mass
  • Acetic acid solution, not less than 50% but more than 80% acid, by mass [UN2790] [Corrosive]
  • Acetic acid solution, with more than 10% and less than 50% acid, by mass
  • Acetic acid solution, with more than 10% and less than 50% acid, by mass [UN2790] [Corrosive]
  • Acetic acid, glacial or acetic acid solution, >80% acid, by mass
  • Acetic acid, glacial or acetic acid solution, >80% acid, by mass [UN2789] [Corrosive]
  • Acetic acid, water solutions
  • Ethanoic acid
  • UN2789
  • UN2790

Mixture Names

  • Otic Domeboro
  • Otic Tridesilon

Registry Numbers

CAS Registry Number

  • 64-19-7

FDA UNII

  • Q40Q9N063P

Other Registry Numbers

  • 1053656-97-5
  • 77671-22-8

System Generated Number

  • 0000064197

Structure Descriptors

InChI

1S/C2H4O2/c1-2(3)4/h1H3,(H,3,4)

InChIKey

QTBSBXVTEAMEQO-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Smiles

C(=O)(C)O

Toxicity

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
child TDLo rectal 281uL/kg (0.281mL/kg) LIVER: LIVER FUNCTION TESTS IMPAIRED

GASTROINTESTINAL: ALTERATION IN GASTRIC SECRETION

KIDNEY, URETER, AND BLADDER: "CHANGES IN TUBULES (INCLUDING ACUTE RENAL FAILURE, ACUTE TUBULAR NECROSIS)"
Journal of Toxicology, Clinical Toxicology. Vol. 82, Pg. 333, 1994.
human TCLo inhalation 816ppm/3M (816ppm) SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: OTHER CHANGES: OLFACTION

SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: OTHER: EYE

LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: OTHER CHANGES
AMA Archives of Industrial Health. Vol. 21, Pg. 28, 1960.
human TDLo oral 1470ug/kg (1.47mg/kg) GASTROINTESTINAL: ULCERATION OR BLEEDING FROM SMALL INTESTINE

GASTROINTESTINAL: CHANGE IN STRUCTURE OR FUNCTION OF ESOPHAGUS

GASTROINTESTINAL: ULCERATION OR BLEEDING FROM LARGE INTESTINE
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal. Vol. 33, Pg. 624, 1972.
man LDLo unreported 308mg/kg (308mg/kg)   "Poisoning; Toxicology, Symptoms, Treatments," 2nd ed., Arena, J.M., Springfield, IL, C.C. Thomas, 1970Vol. 2, Pg. 73, 1970.
mouse LC50 inhalation 5620ppm/1H (5620ppm) BLOOD: OTHER CHANGES

SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: OTHER: EYE

SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: CONJUNCTIVE IRRITATION: EYE
Medicina del Lavoro. Industrial Medicine. Vol. 48, Pg. 559, 1957.
mouse LD50 intravenous 525mg/kg (525mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD Acta Pharmacologica et Toxicologica. Vol. 18, Pg. 141, 1961.
rabbit LD50 skin 1060uL/kg (1.06mL/kg)   Union Carbide Data Sheet. Vol. 8/7/1963,
rabbit LDLo oral 600mg/kg (600mg/kg)   Comptes Rendus des Seances de la Societe de Biologie et de Ses Filiales. Vol. 83, Pg. 136, 1920.
rabbit LDLo rectal 600mg/kg (600mg/kg)   Comptes Rendus des Seances de la Societe de Biologie et de Ses Filiales. Vol. 83, Pg. 136, 1920.
rabbit LDLo subcutaneous 600mg/kg (600mg/kg)   Comptes Rendus des Seances de la Societe de Biologie et de Ses Filiales. Vol. 83, Pg. 136, 1920.
rat LCLo inhalation 16000ppm/4H (16000ppm)   American Industrial Hygiene Association Quarterly. Vol. 17, Pg. 129, 1956.
rat LD50 oral 3310mg/kg (3310mg/kg)   Delaware State Medical Journal. Vol. 31, Pg. 276, 1959.

Physical Properties

Physical Property Value Units Temp (deg C) Source
Melting Point 16.6 deg C   EXP
Boiling Point 117.9 deg C   EXP
pKa Dissociation Constant 4.76 (none) 25 EXP
log P (octanol-water) -0.17 (none)   EXP
Water Solubility 1.00E+06 mg/L 25 EXP
Vapor Pressure 15.7 mm Hg 25 EXP
Henry's Law Constant 1.00E-07 atm-m3/mole 25 EXP
Atmospheric OH Rate Constant 7.40E-13 cm3/molecule-sec 25 EXP

Physical property data is provided to ChemIDplus by SRC, Inc.