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Substance Name: Isosorbide [USAN:USP:INN:BAN:JAN]
RN: 652-67-5
UNII: WXR179L51S
InChIKey: KLDXJTOLSGUMSJ-JGWLITMVSA-N

Note

  • 1,4:3,6-Dianhydro D-glucitol. Chemically inert osmotic diuretic used mainly to treat hydrocephalus; also used in glaucoma.

Molecular Formula

  • C6-H10-O4

Molecular Weight

  • 146.141
 

Classification Codes

  • Diuretic
  • Diuretics
  • Diuretics, Osmotic
  • Natriuretic Agents
  • TSCA Flag PMN (a Commenced PMN (Premanufacture Notice) Substance)

Names and Synonyms

Name of Substance

  • Isosorbide
  • Isosorbide [USAN:USP:INN:BAN:JAN]

MeSH Heading

  • Isosorbide

Synonyms

  • (+)-D-Isosorbide
  • 1,4-Dianhydrosorbitol
  • 1,4:3,6-Dianhydro-D-glucitol
  • 1,4:3,6-Dianhydro-D-sorbitol
  • 1,4:3,6-Dianhydrosorbitol
  • 5-19-03-00201 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
  • AT 101
  • AT-101
  • BRN 0080510
  • D-1,4:3,6-Dianhydroglucitol
  • Devicoran
  • EC 211-492-3
  • EINECS 211-492-3
  • Glucitol, 1,4:3,6-dianhydro-, D-
  • HSDB 3105
  • Hydronol
  • Hydronol (VAN)
  • Ismotic
  • Isobide
  • Isosorbida
  • Isosorbida [INN-Spanish]
  • Isosorbide
  • Isosorbidum
  • Isosorbidum [INN-Latin]
  • NSC 40725
  • Polysorb P
  • Polysorb PS
  • Sorbid
  • UNII-WXR179L51S
  • Vascardin dinitrate

Systematic Names

  • 1,4:3,6-Dianhydro-D-glucitol
  • D-Glucitol, 1,4:3,6-dianhydro-
  • Glucitol, 1,4:3,6-dianhydro-, D-

Registry Numbers

CAS Registry Number

  • 652-67-5

FDA UNII

  • WXR179L51S

Other Registry Numbers

  • 151380-60-8
  • 152881-21-5
  • 2088100-88-1
  • 42750-75-4
  • 49871-92-3
  • 50974-60-2
  • 7241-88-5

System Generated Number

  • 0000652675

Structure Descriptors

InChI

1S/C6H10O4/c7-3-1-9-6-4(8)2-10-5(3)6/h3-8H,1-2H2/t3-,4+,5-,6-/m1/s1

InChIKey

KLDXJTOLSGUMSJ-JGWLITMVSA-N

Smiles

O1[C@H]2[C@@H]([C@@H](O)C1)OC[C@@H]2O

Toxicity

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
mouse LD50 intraperitoneal 13600mg/kg (13600mg/kg)   Drugs in Japan Vol. 6, Pg. 71, 1982.
mouse LD50 intravenous 6870mg/kg (6870mg/kg) BRAIN AND COVERINGS: CHANGES IN CEREBRAL SPINAL FLUID Oyo Yakuri. Pharmacometrics. Vol. 3, Pg. 15, 1969.
mouse LD50 oral 289mg/kg (289mg/kg)   Oyo Yakuri. Pharmacometrics. Vol. 3, Pg. 187, 1969.
rat LD50 intravenous 11gm/kg (11000mg/kg)   Nippon Yakurigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Pharmacology. Vol. 64(4), Pg. 158S, 1968.
rat LD50 oral 24150mg/kg (24150mg/kg)   Oyo Yakuri. Pharmacometrics. Vol. 3, Pg. 15, 1969.

Physical Properties

Physical Property Value Units Temp (deg C) Source
Melting Point 62.5 deg C   EXP
log P (octanol-water) -0.910 (none)   EST
Atmospheric OH Rate Constant 3.71E-11 cm3/molecule-sec 25 EST

Physical property data is provided to ChemIDplus by SRC, Inc.