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Substance Name: Sodium citrate anhydrous
RN: 68-04-2
UNII: RS7A450LGA
InChIKey: HRXKRNGNAMMEHJ-UHFFFAOYSA-K

Note

  • A key intermediate in metabolism. It is an acid compound found in citrus fruits. The salts of citric acid (citrates) can be used as anticoagulants due to their calcium chelating ability.

Molecular Formula

  • C6-H8-O7.3Na

Molecular Weight

  • 258.0685
 
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Names and Synonyms

Name of Substance

  • 1,2,3-Propanetricarboxylic acid, 2-hydroxy-, trisodium salt
  • 2-Hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxylic acid, trisodium salt
  • Citric acid, trisodium salt
  • Sodium citrate
  • Sodium citrate anhydrous
  • Trisodium citrate

Synonyms

  • 1,2,3-Propanetricarboxylic acid, 2-hydroxy-, trisodium salt
  • CCRIS 3293
  • Citnatin
  • Citreme
  • Citric acid, trisodium salt
  • Citrosodina
  • Citrosodine
  • Citrosodna
  • EC 200-675-3
  • EINECS 200-675-3
  • FEMA No. 3026
  • HSDB 5201
  • Natrocitral
  • Sodium citrate
  • Sodium citrate (Na3C6H5O7)
  • Sodium citrate anhydrous
  • Sodium citrate, anhydrous
  • Trisodium 2-hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxylate
  • Trisodium citrate
  • Trisodium citrate, anhydrous
  • UNII-RS7A450LGA

Systematic Names

  • 1,2,3-Propanetricarboxylic acid, 2-hydroxy-, sodium salt (1:3)
  • 1,2,3-Propanetricarboxylic acid, 2-hydroxy-, trisodium salt
  • Citric acid, trisodium salt
  • Sodium citrate
  • Trisodium citrate

Superlist Names

  • Citric acid, trisodium salt
  • Sodium citrate

Registry Numbers

CAS Registry Number

  • 68-04-2

FDA UNII

  • RS7A450LGA

Other Registry Numbers

  • 1000844-65-4
  • 183748-56-3
  • 8055-55-8
  • 856354-90-0

System Generated Number

  • 0000068042

Molecular Formulas

Molecular Formula

  • C6-H8-O7.3Na

Molecular Formula Fragments

  • C6-H8-O7
  • COMPONENT
  • Na

Structure Descriptors

InChI

1S/C6H8O7.3Na/c7-3(8)1-6(13,5(11)12)2-4(9)10;;;/h13H,1-2H2,(H,7,8)(H,9,10)(H,11,12);;;/q;3*+1/p-3

InChIKey

HRXKRNGNAMMEHJ-UHFFFAOYSA-K

Smiles

C(C(=O)[O-])C(CC(=O)[O-])(C(=O)[O-])O.[Na+].[Na+].[Na+]

Toxicity

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
mouse LD50 intraperitoneal 1364mg/kg (1364mg/kg) LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: CYANOSIS

BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD

GASTROINTESTINAL: CHANGES IN STRUCTURE OR FUNCTION OF SALIVARY GLANDS
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 94, Pg. 65, 1948.
mouse LD50 intravenous 170mg/kg (170mg/kg) LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: CYANOSIS

BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD

GASTROINTESTINAL: CHANGES IN STRUCTURE OR FUNCTION OF SALIVARY GLANDS
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 94, Pg. 65, 1948.
rabbit LD50 intravenous 449mg/kg (449mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD

LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: CYANOSIS

GASTROINTESTINAL: CHANGES IN STRUCTURE OR FUNCTION OF SALIVARY GLANDS
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 94, Pg. 65, 1948.
rat LD50 intraperitoneal 1548mg/kg (1548mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD

LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: CYANOSIS

GASTROINTESTINAL: CHANGES IN STRUCTURE OR FUNCTION OF SALIVARY GLANDS
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 94, Pg. 65, 1948.

Physical Properties

Physical Property Value Units Temp (deg C) Source
log P (octanol-water) -0.280 (none)   EST
Water Solubility 4.34E+05 mg/L   EXP
Atmospheric OH Rate Constant 2.34E-12 cm3/molecule-sec 25 EST

Physical property data is provided to ChemIDplus by SRC, Inc.