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Substance Name: Propionic acid [NF]
RN: 79-09-4
UNII: JHU490RVYR
InChIKey: XBDQKXXYIPTUBI-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Molecular Formula

  • C3-H6-O2

Molecular Weight

  • 74.0784
 

Classification Codes

Classification Codes

  • Agricultural Chemical
  • Antimicrobial
  • Fungicide, Bactericide, Wood Preservative
  • Mutation Data
  • Pharmaceutic Aid (Acidifying Agent)
  • Skin / Eye Irritant

Superlist Classification Codes

  • Reportable Quantity (RQ) = 5000 lb
  • TWA (10 ppm)

Names and Synonyms

Name of Substance

  • Propionic acid
  • Propionic acid [NF]

Synonyms

  • 4-02-00-00695 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
  • Acide propionique
  • Acide propionique [French]
  • AI3-04167
  • Antischim B
  • BRN 0506071
  • C3 acid
  • Carboxyethane
  • Caswell No. 707
  • CCRIS 6096
  • EC 201-176-3
  • EINECS 201-176-3
  • EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 077702
  • Ethanecarboxylic acid
  • Ethylformic acid
  • FEMA No. 2924
  • FEMA Number 2924
  • HSDB 1192
  • Kyselina propionova
  • Kyselina propionova [Czech]
  • Luprosil
  • Metacetonic acid
  • Methyl acetic acid
  • Methylacetic acid
  • Monoprop
  • Propanoic acid
  • Propionic acid
  • Propionic acid (natural)
  • Propionic acid grain preserver
  • Propionoic acid
  • Prozoin
  • Pseudoacetic acid
  • Sentry grain preserver
  • Tenox P grain preservative
  • UNII-JHU490RVYR

Systematic Names

  • Propanoic acid
  • Propionic acid

Superlist Names

  • Propanoic acid
  • Propionic acid
  • Propionic acid [UN1848] [Corrosive]
  • UN1848

Registry Numbers

CAS Registry Number

  • 79-09-4

FDA UNII

  • JHU490RVYR

Other Registry Numbers

  • 1032826-44-0
  • 784139-72-6

Related Registry Number

  • 557-28-8 (zinc salt)

System Generated Number

  • 0000079094

Structure Descriptors

InChI

1S/C3H6O2/c1-2-3(4)5/h2H2,1H3,(H,4,5)

InChIKey

XBDQKXXYIPTUBI-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Smiles

C(=O)(CC)O

Toxicity

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
mammal (species unspecified) LD50 oral 1640mg/kg (1640mg/kg)   Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 39(4), Pg. 86, 1974.
mouse LD50 intravenous 625mg/kg (625mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD Acta Pharmacologica et Toxicologica. Vol. 18, Pg. 141, 1961.
mouse LD50 unreported 1370mg/kg (1370mg/kg) LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: DYSPNEA

BEHAVIORAL: EXCITEMENT

BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)
Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 35(3), Pg. 96, 1970.
rabbit LD50 skin 500uL/kg (0.5mL/kg)   American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal. Vol. 23, Pg. 95, 1962.
rabbit LD50 unreported 1900mg/kg (1900mg/kg) LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: DYSPNEA

BEHAVIORAL: EXCITEMENT

BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)
Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 35(3), Pg. 96, 1970.
rabbit LDLo intravenous 1320mg/kg (1320mg/kg)   FAO Nutrition Meetings Report Series. Vol. 53A, Pg. 110, 1974.
rat LD50 oral 2600mg/kg (2600mg/kg)   FAO Nutrition Meetings Report Series. Vol. 53A, Pg. 110, 1974.
rat LD50 parenteral 3500mg/kg (3500mg/kg)   Defense des Vegetaux. Vol. 26, Pg. 5, 1972.
rat LD50 unreported 1510mg/kg (1510mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)

BEHAVIORAL: EXCITEMENT

LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: DYSPNEA
Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 35(3), Pg. 96, 1970.

Physical Properties

Physical Property Value Units Temp (deg C) Source
Melting Point -2.07E+01 deg C   EXP
Boiling Point 141.1 deg C   EXP
pKa Dissociation Constant 4.875 (none)   EXP
log P (octanol-water) 0.33 (none)   EXP
Water Solubility 1.00E+06 mg/L 25 EXP
Vapor Pressure 3.53 mm Hg 25 EXP
Henry's Law Constant 4.45E-07 atm-m3/mole 25 EXP
Atmospheric OH Rate Constant 1.22E-12 cm3/molecule-sec 25 EXP

Physical property data is provided to ChemIDplus by SRC, Inc.