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Substance Name: Hydroxyacetic acid
RN: 79-14-1
UNII: 0WT12SX38S
InChIKey: AEMRFAOFKBGASW-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Classification Codes

  • Dermatologic Agents
  • Keratolytic Agents
  • Reproductive Effect
  • Skin / Eye Irritant
  • Tumor Data

Molecular Formula

  • C2-H4-O3

Molecular Weight

  • 76.0506
 

Names and Synonyms

Name of Substance

  • Acetic acid, hydroxy-
  • Glycolic acid
  • Hydroxyacetic acid

Synonyms

  • 2-Hydroxyacetic acid
  • 4-03-00-00571 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
  • Acetic acid, hydroxy-
  • AI3-15362
  • BRN 1209322
  • Caswell No. 470
  • CCRIS 9474
  • EC 201-180-5
  • EINECS 201-180-5
  • EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 000101
  • Glycolic acid
  • Glycollic acid
  • HSDB 5227
  • Hydroxyacetic acid
  • Hydroxyethanoic acid
  • Kyselina glykolova
  • Kyselina glykolova [Czech]
  • Kyselina hydroxyoctova
  • Kyselina hydroxyoctova [Czech]
  • NSC 166
  • UNII-0WT12SX38S

Systematic Names

  • Acetic acid, 2-hydroxy-
  • Acetic acid, hydroxy-
  • Glycolic acid
  • Glycollic acid

Superlist Names

  • Glycolic acid
  • Hydroxyacetic acid

Registry Numbers

CAS Registry Number

  • 79-14-1

FDA UNII

  • 0WT12SX38S

Other Registry Numbers

  • 1033720-45-4
  • 1033720-48-7
  • 259744-22-4
  • 702627-33-6

Related Registry Numbers

  • 1932-50-9 (mono-potassium salt)
  • 25904-89-6 (unspecified potassium salt)
  • 2836-32-0 (mono-hydrochloride salt)
  • 35249-89-9 (mono-ammonium salt)
  • 39663-84-8 (mono-lithium salt)

System Generated Number

  • 0000079141

Structure Descriptors

InChI

1S/C2H4O3/c3-1-2(4)5/h3H,1H2,(H,4,5)

InChIKey

AEMRFAOFKBGASW-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Smiles

C(C(=O)O)O

Toxicity

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
cat LD50 intravenous 1gm/kg (1000mg/kg)   "Prehled Prumyslove Toxikologie; Organicke Latky," Marhold, J., Prague, Czechoslovakia, Avicenum, 1986Vol. -, Pg. 656, 1986.
guinea pig LD50 oral 1920mg/kg (1920mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)

KIDNEY, URETER, AND BLADDER: OTHER CHANGES

GASTROINTESTINAL: OTHER CHANGES
Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology. Vol. 23, Pg. 259, 1941.
rat LC50 inhalation 7100ug/m3/4H (7.1mg/m3)   Inhalation Toxicology. Vol. 9, Pg. 435, 1997.
rat LC50 inhalation 7100ug/m3/4H (7.1mg/m3) SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: OTHER CHANGES: OLFACTION

LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: DYSPNEA
Inhalation Toxicology. Vol. 9, Pg. 435, 1997.
rat LD50 oral 1950mg/kg (1950mg/kg) GASTROINTESTINAL: OTHER CHANGES

BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)

KIDNEY, URETER, AND BLADDER: OTHER CHANGES
Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology. Vol. 23, Pg. 259, 1941.

Physical Properties

Physical Property Value Units Temp (deg C) Source
Melting Point 79.5 deg C   EXP
pKa Dissociation Constant 3.83 (none)   EXP
log P (octanol-water) -1.11E+00 (none)   EXP
Water Solubility 1.00E+06 mg/L 25 EST
Henry's Law Constant 8.54E-08 atm-m3/mole 25 EST
Atmospheric OH Rate Constant 3.11E-12 cm3/molecule-sec 25 EST

Physical property data is provided to ChemIDplus by SRC, Inc.