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Substance Name: Nitroethane
RN: 79-24-3
UNII: 6KEL3ZAU0V
InChIKey: MCSAJNNLRCFZED-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Molecular Formula

  • C2-H5-N-O2

Molecular Weight

  • 75.0665
 

Classification Codes

Classification Codes

  • Human Data
  • Mutation Data

Superlist Classification Codes

  • TWA (100 ppm)
  • TWA 100 ppm (310 mg/m3)

Names and Synonyms

Name of Substance

  • Nitroethane

Synonyms

  • AI3-00110
  • CCRIS 3088
  • EC 201-188-9
  • EINECS 201-188-9
  • Ethane, nitro-
  • HSDB 105
  • Nitroetan
  • Nitroetan [Polish]
  • Nitroethane
  • NSC 8800
  • UNII-6KEL3ZAU0V

Systematic Names

  • Ethane, nitro-
  • Nitroethane

Superlist Names

  • Ethane, nitro-
  • Nitroethane
  • Nitroethane [UN2842] [Flammable liquid]
  • UN2842

Registry Numbers

CAS Registry Number

  • 79-24-3

FDA UNII

  • 6KEL3ZAU0V

System Generated Number

  • 0000079243

Structure Descriptors

InChI

1S/C2H5NO2/c1-2-3(4)5/h2H2,1H3

InChIKey

MCSAJNNLRCFZED-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Smiles

[N+](CC)(=O)[O-]

Toxicity

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
child TDLo oral 1478uL/kg (1.478mL/kg) LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: RESPIRATORY OBSTRUCTION

LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: CYANOSIS

BLOOD: METHEMOGLOBINEMIA-CARBOXYHEMOGLOBIN
Journal of Toxicology, Clinical Toxicology. Vol. 32, Pg. 321, 1994.
guinea pig LCLo inhalation 10000ppm/3H (10000ppm)   Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology. Vol. 22, Pg. 315, 1940.
mouse LCLo inhalation 19500mg/m3/2H (19500mg/m3)   "Toxicometric Parameters of Industrial Toxic Chemicals Under Single Exposure," Izmerov, N.F., et al., Moscow, Centre of International Projects, GKNT, 1982Vol. -, Pg. 93, 1982.
mouse LD50 intraperitoneal 310mg/kg (310mg/kg)   Khimiko-Farmatsevticheskii Zhurnal. Chemical Pharmaceutical Journal. For English translation, see PCJOAU. Vol. 10(6), Pg. 53, 1976.
mouse LD50 oral 860mg/kg (860mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: GENERAL ANESTHETIC

BEHAVIORAL: EXCITEMENT

BEHAVIORAL: TREMOR
Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 32(9), Pg. 9, 1967.
rabbit LCLo inhalation 5000ppm/2H (5000ppm)   Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology. Vol. 22, Pg. 315, 1940.
rabbit LDLo oral 500mg/kg (500mg/kg) LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: RESPIRATORY STIMULATION

BEHAVIORAL: MUSCLE WEAKNESS

BEHAVIORAL: ATAXIA
Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology. Vol. 22, Pg. 315, 1940.
rat LCLo inhalation 13000ppm/6H (13000ppm)   "Documentation of the Threshold Limit Values and Biological Exposure Indices," 5th ed., Cincinnati, OH, American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists, Inc., 1986Vol. 6, Pg. 1105, 1991.
rat LD50 oral 1100mg/kg (1100mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: EXCITEMENT

BEHAVIORAL: GENERAL ANESTHETIC

BEHAVIORAL: TREMOR
Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 32(9), Pg. 9, 1967.
rat LDLo intraperitoneal 1600mg/kg (1600mg/kg) BLOOD: METHEMOGLOBINEMIA-CARBOXYHEMOGLOBIN Bulletin de la Societe de Pharmacie de Lille. Vol. (4), Pg. 137, 1972.

Physical Properties

Physical Property Value Units Temp (deg C) Source
Melting Point -8.95E+01 deg C   EXP
Boiling Point 114 deg C   EXP
pKa Dissociation Constant 8.6 (none) 25 EXP
log P (octanol-water) 0.18 (none)   EXP
Water Solubility 4.70E+04 mg/L 25 EXP
Vapor Pressure 20.8 mm Hg 25 EXP
Henry's Law Constant 4.76E-05 atm-m3/mole 25 EXP
Atmospheric OH Rate Constant 1.50E-13 cm3/molecule-sec 25 EXP

Physical property data is provided to ChemIDplus by SRC, Inc.