Substance Name: Lecithin [NF]
- A complex mixture of PHOSPHOLIPIDS; GLYCOLIPIDS; and TRIGLYCERIDES; with substantial amounts of PHOSPHATIDYLCHOLINES; PHOSPHATIDYLETHANOLAMINES; and PHOSPHATIDYLINOSITOLS, which are sometimes loosely termed as 1,2-diacyl-3-phosphocholines. Lecithin is a component of the CELL MEMBRANE and commercially extracted from SOYBEANS and EGG YOLK. The emulsifying and surfactant properties are useful in FOOD ADDITIVES and for forming organogels (GELS).
- Derivatives of phosphatidic acids in which the phosphoric acid is bound in ester linkage to a choline moiety. Complete hydrolysis yields 1 mole of glycerol, phosphoric acid and choline and 2 moles of fatty acids.
- Major egg yolk proteins from egg-laying animals such as non-mammalian VERTEBRATES; ARTHROPODS; and others. They are high-density lipoglycoproteins derived from circulating precursors, VITELLOGENINS. Vitellins serve as nutrients for the growing non-mammalian embryos (EMBRYO, NONMAMMALIAN).
- TSCA Definition 2019: The complex combination of diglycerides of fatty acids linked to the choline ester of phosphoric acid.
- Pharmaceutic Aid (Emulsifying Agent)
- Surface-Active Agents
- TSCA UVCB
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Names and Synonyms
Name of Substance
- Lecithin [NF]
- Acti-flow 68-sb
- Alcolec S
- CCRIS 7265
- EINECS 232-307-2
- Emulthin M-35
- HSDB 1903
CAS Registry Number
Other Registry Numbers
System Generated Number
|Organism||Test Type||Route||Reported Dose (Normalized Dose)||Effect||Source|
|rat||LD||oral||> 8mL/kg (8mL/kg)||LIVER: OTHER CHANGES |
LIVER: FATTY LIVER DEGERATION
|Laboratory Investigation. Vol. 47, Pg. 194, 1982.|