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Substance Name: Turpentine oil
RN: 8006-64-2
UNII: C5H0QJ6V7F

Notes

  • The concrete oleoresin obtained from Pinus palustris Mill. (Pinaceae) and other species of Pinus. It contains a volatile oil, to which its properties are due, and to which form it is generally used. (Dorland, 28th ed) Turpentine is used as a solvent and an experimental irritant in biomedical research. Turpentine toxicity is of medical interest.
  • TSCA Definition 2008: Any of the volatile predominantly terpenic fractions or distillates resulting from the solvent extraction of, gum, collection from, or pulping of softwoods. Composed primarily of C10H16 terpene hydrocarbons: alpha-pinene, beta-pinene, limonene, 3-carene, camphene. May contain other acyclic, monocyclic, or bicyclic terpenes, oxygenated terpenes, and anethole. Exact composition varies with refining methods and the age, location, and species of the softwood source.

Molecular Formula

  • Unspecified
 

Classification Codes

Classification Codes

  • Human Data
  • Irritants
  • Noxae
  • Riot Control Agents, Chemical
  • Skin / Eye Irritant
  • Solvents
  • TSCA UVCB
  • Tumor Data

Superlist Classification Codes

  • TWA (20 ppm); Sensitizer; Not classifiable as a human carcinogen
  • TWA 100 ppm (560 mg/m3)

Names and Synonyms

Results Name

  • Turpentine oil

Name of Substance

  • Turpentine

MeSH Heading

  • Turpentine

Synonyms

  • Caswell No. 900
  • EC 232-350-7
  • EINECS 232-350-7
  • EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 084501
  • FEMA No. 3089
  • Gum spirits of turpentine
  • Gum turpentine
  • HSDB 204
  • Oil of turpentine
  • Oil of turpentine, distillation residue
  • Oil of turpentine, rectified
  • Oleum Terebinthinae
  • Spirit of turpentine
  • Spirits of turpentine
  • Sulfate turpentine
  • Terebenthine
  • Terebenthine [French]
  • Terpentin oel
  • Terpentin oel [German]
  • Turpentine
  • Turpentine oil
  • Turpentine oil, rectified
  • Turpentine oil, rectifier
  • Turpentine spirits
  • Turpentine steam distilled
  • Turpentine, steam-distilled (Pinus spp.)
  • UNII-C5H0QJ6V7F
  • Wood turpentine

Systematic Names

  • Turpentine
  • Turpentine, oil

Superlist Names

  • Terpentine
  • Turpentine
  • Turpentine oil
  • Turpentine substitute
  • Turpentine substitute [UN1300] [Flammable liquid]
  • Turpentine [UN1299] [Flammable liquid]
  • Turpentine, oil
  • UN1299
  • UN1300

Registry Numbers

CAS Registry Number

  • 8006-64-2

FDA UNII

  • C5H0QJ6V7F

Other Registry Number

  • 8052-40-2

System Generated Number

  • 0008006642

Toxicity

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
guinea pig LCLo inhalation 16gm/m3/1H (16000mg/m3)   "Toxicometric Parameters of Industrial Toxic Chemicals Under Single Exposure," Izmerov, N.F., et al., Moscow, Centre of International Projects, GKNT, 1982Vol. -, Pg. 119, 1982.
human LDLo unreported 1777mg/kg (1777mg/kg)   Forensic Science International. Vol. 65, Pg. 47, 1994.
human TCLo inhalation 175ppm (175ppm) LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: OTHER CHANGES

SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: CONJUNCTIVE IRRITATION: EYE

SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: OTHER CHANGES: OLFACTION
Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology. Vol. 25, Pg. 282, 1943.
human TCLo inhalation 6gm/m3/3H (6000mg/m3) BEHAVIORAL: HEADACHE

BEHAVIORAL: "HALLUCINATIONS, DISTORTED PERCEPTIONS"

SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: OTHER: EYE
Archiv fuer Hygiene. Vol. 83, Pg. 239, 1914.
infant LDLo oral 1748mg/kg (1748mg/kg) GASTROINTESTINAL: NAUSEA OR VOMITING

BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD

KIDNEY, URETER, AND BLADDER: OTHER CHANGES
Archives of Disease in Childhood. Vol. 28, Pg. 475, 1953.
infant TDLo oral 874mg/kg (874mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: ANTIPSYCHOTIC Archives of Disease in Childhood. Vol. 28, Pg. 475, 1953.
man LDLo oral 2857uL/kg (2.857mL/kg) KIDNEY, URETER, AND BLADDER: OTHER CHANGES

LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: ACUTE PULMONARY EDEMA

BRAIN AND COVERINGS: OTHER DEGENERATIVE CHANGES
Forensic Science International. Vol. 65, Pg. 47, 1994.
man LDLo oral 3mg/kg (3mg/kg) GASTROINTESTINAL: OTHER CHANGES

BEHAVIORAL: MUSCLE WEAKNESS
British Medical Journal. Vol. 2, Pg. 77, 1931.
man LDLo unreported 441mg/kg (441mg/kg)   "Poisoning; Toxicology, Symptoms, Treatments," 2nd ed., Arena, J.M., Springfield, IL, C.C. Thomas, 1970Vol. 2, Pg. 73, 1970.
man TCLo inhalation 449mg/m3/2H (449mg/m3) LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: OTHER CHANGES Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Vol. 53, Pg. 100, 1996.
man TDLo intravenous 71uL/kg (0.071mL/kg) LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: ACUTE PULMONARY EDEMA

PERIPHERAL NERVE AND SENSATION: ASSOCIATED CONNECTIVE TISSUE

LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: OTHER CHANGES
American Journal of Emergency Medicine. Vol. 4, Pg. 543, 1986.
mouse LC50 inhalation 29mg/m3/2H (29mg/m3) BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD

BEHAVIORAL: ATAXIA

LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: RESPIRATORY DEPRESSION
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. Vol. 6, Pg. 360, 1964.
mouse LD50 intravenous 1180ug/kg (1.18mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: ATAXIA

BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD

LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: RESPIRATORY DEPRESSION
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. Vol. 6, Pg. 360, 1964.
rabbit LDLo skin 5010mg/kg (5010mg/kg) LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: OTHER CHANGES

BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)
National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0545856,
rat LC50 inhalation 12gm/m3/6H (12000mg/m3) LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: DYSPNEA

BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. Vol. 10, Pg. 8, 1967.
rat LD50 oral 5760mg/kg (5760mg/kg)   Pharmazie. Vol. 14, Pg. 435, 1959.
women TDLo oral 560mg/kg (560mg/kg) KIDNEY, URETER, AND BLADDER: OTHER CHANGES Archives of Disease in Childhood. Vol. 28, Pg. 475, 1953.