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Substance Name: Xylitol [INN:BAN:JAN:NF]
RN: 87-99-0
UNII: VCQ006KQ1E
InChIKey: HEBKCHPVOIAQTA-SCDXWVJYSA-N

Note

  • A five-carbon sugar alcohol derived from XYLOSE by reduction of the carbonyl group. It is as sweet as sucrose and used as a noncariogenic sweetener.

Molecular Formula

  • C5-H12-O5

Molecular Weight

  • 152.145
 

Classification Codes

  • Flavoring Agents
  • Food Additives
  • Mutation Data
  • Pharmaceutic Aid (Vehicle, Sweetened)
  • Sweetening Agents
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Names and Synonyms

Name of Substance

  • Xylitol
  • Xylitol [INN:BAN:JAN:NF]

MeSH Heading

  • Xylitol

Synonyms

  • 4-01-00-02832 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
  • BRN 1720523
  • EC 201-788-0
  • EINECS 201-788-0
  • Eutrit
  • HSDB 7967
  • Kannit
  • Klinit
  • Newtol
  • NSC 25283
  • UNII-VCQ006KQ1E
  • Xylite
  • Xylite (sugar)
  • Xylitol
  • Xyliton

Systematic Name

  • Xylitol

Superlist Name

  • Xylitol

Registry Numbers

CAS Registry Number

  • 87-99-0

FDA UNII

  • VCQ006KQ1E

Other Registry Numbers

  • 12426-00-5
  • 16277-71-7
  • 37191-59-6
  • 7313-55-5
  • 75398-81-1
  • 84709-42-2

System Generated Number

  • 0000087990

Structure Descriptors

InChI

1S/C5H12O5/c6-1-3(8)5(10)4(9)2-7/h3-10H,1-2H2/t3-,4+,5+

InChIKey

HEBKCHPVOIAQTA-SCDXWVJYSA-N

Smiles

O[C@@H]([C@@H](CO)O)[C@H](CO)O

Toxicity

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
mouse LD50 intramuscular 10200mg/kg (10200mg/kg)   Drugs in Japan Vol. -, Pg. 297, 1990.
mouse LD50 intravenous 8500mg/kg (8500mg/kg)   Drugs in Japan Vol. -, Pg. 352, 1995.
mouse LD50 oral 12500mg/kg (12500mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: GENERAL ANESTHETIC

GASTROINTESTINAL: ULCERATION OR BLEEDING FROM STOMACH

LIVER: OTHER CHANGES
Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 36(2), Pg. 25, 1971.
mouse LD50 subcutaneous 18300mg/kg (18300mg/kg)   Drugs in Japan Vol. -, Pg. 297, 1990.
mouse LDLo intraperitoneal 22100mg/kg (22100mg/kg)   Russian Pharmacology and Toxicology Vol. 34, Pg. 124, 1971.
rabbit LD50 intravenous 4gm/kg (4000mg/kg)   Federation Proceedings, Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. Vol. 31, Pg. 726, 1972.
rabbit LD50 oral 25gm/kg (25000mg/kg) LIVER: OTHER CHANGES

GASTROINTESTINAL: ULCERATION OR BLEEDING FROM STOMACH

BEHAVIORAL: GENERAL ANESTHETIC
Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 36(2), Pg. 25, 1971.
rat LD50 intramuscular 15gm/kg (15000mg/kg)   Drugs in Japan Vol. -, Pg. 297, 1990.
rat LD50 intravenous 10800mg/kg (10800mg/kg)   Drugs in Japan Vol. -, Pg. 297, 1990.
rat LD50 oral 16500mg/kg (16500mg/kg)   Drugs in Japan Vol. -, Pg. 297, 1990.
rat LD50 subcutaneous > 25gm/kg (25000mg/kg)   Drugs in Japan Vol. -, Pg. 297, 1990.

Physical Properties

Physical Property Value Units Temp (deg C) Source
Melting Point 93.5 deg C   EXP
Boiling Point 216 deg C   EXP
log P (octanol-water) -2.560 (none)   EST
Water Solubility 6.42E+05 mg/L   EXP
Atmospheric OH Rate Constant 3.96E-11 cm3/molecule-sec 25 EST

Physical property data is provided to ChemIDplus by SRC, Inc.