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Substance Name: Acacia [JAN:NF]
RN: 9000-01-5
UNII: 5C5403N26O

Note

  • Powdered exudate from various Acacia species, especially A. senegal (Leguminosae). It forms mucilage or syrup in water. Gum arabic is used as a suspending agent, excipient, and emulsifier in foods and pharmaceuticals.

Molecular Formula

  • Unspecified
 

Classification Codes

  • Mutation Data
  • Natural Product
  • Pharmaceutic Aid (Suspending and/or Viscosity Agent)
  • Pharmaceutic Aid (Suspending Andor Viscosity Agent)
  • Reproductive Effect
  • Skin / Eye Irritant
  • TSCA Flag XU (Exempt from Reporting under Chemical Data Reporting Rule)
  • Tumor Data

Names and Synonyms

Name of Substance

  • Acacia
  • Acacia gum
  • Acacia [JAN:NF]
  • Gum acacia
  • Gum arabic

MeSH Heading

  • Gum arabic

Synonyms

  • Acacia
  • Acacia dealbata gum
  • Acacia gum
  • Acacia senegal
  • Acacia senegal resin
  • Acacia solution
  • Acacia syrup
  • Acacia verek resin
  • Arabic gum
  • Australian gum
  • CCRIS 322
  • EINECS 232-519-5
  • FEMA No. 2001
  • Gum acacia
  • Gum arabic
  • Gum arabic (Acacia senegal (L.) Willd.)
  • Gum arabicum
  • Gum Dragon
  • Gum ovaline
  • Gum senegal
  • HSDB 1914
  • Indian gum
  • NCI-C50748
  • Senegal gum
  • Starsol No. 1
  • UNII-5C5403N26O
  • Wattle gum

Systematic Names

  • Arabic gum
  • Gum arabic

Superlist Names

  • Acacia
  • Gum arabic

Registry Numbers

CAS Registry Number

  • 9000-01-5

FDA UNII

  • 5C5403N26O

Other Registry Numbers

  • 37316-55-5
  • 37316-56-6
  • 39378-44-4
  • 39378-45-5
  • 8047-37-8
  • 8047-38-9

System Generated Number

  • 0009000015

Toxicity

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
hamster LD50 oral > 18gm/kg (18000mg/kg)   Food & Drug Research Laboratories, Inc., Papers. Vol. 124, Pg. -, 1976.
mouse LD50 oral > 16gm/kg (16000mg/kg)   Food & Drug Research Laboratories, Inc., Papers. Vol. 124, Pg. -, 1976.
rabbit LD50 oral 8gm/kg (8000mg/kg)   Food & Drug Research Laboratories, Inc., Papers. Vol. 124, Pg. -, 1976.
rat LD50 oral > 16gm/kg (16000mg/kg)   Food & Drug Research Laboratories, Inc., Papers. Vol. 124, Pg. -, 1976.