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Substance Name: Polyvinyl alcohol [USP]
RN: 9002-89-5

Note

  • A polymer prepared from polyvinyl acetates by replacement of the acetate groups with hydroxyl groups. It is used as a pharmaceutic aid and ophthalmic lubricant as well as in the manufacture of surface coatings artificial sponges, cosmetics, and other products.

Molecular Formula

  • (C2-H4-O)x-

Molecular Weight

  • 44.0526
 

Classification Codes

Classification Codes

  • Biocompatible Materials
  • Mutation Data
  • Pharmaceutic Aid (Viscosity-Increasing Agent)
  • Reproductive Effect
  • TSCA Flag XU (Exempt from Reporting under Chemical Data Reporting Rule)
  • Tumor Data

Superlist Classification Code

  • Overall Carcinogenic Evaluation: Group 3

Names and Synonyms

Name of Substance

  • Ethenol, homopolymer
  • Lamicel
  • Polyvinyl alcohol
  • Polyvinyl alcohol [USP]

MeSH Heading

  • Polyvinyl alcohol

Synonyms

  • Alcotex 17F-H
  • Alcotex 88/05
  • Alcotex 88/10
  • Alcotex 99/10
  • Alkotex
  • Alvyl
  • Aracet APV
  • CCRIS 8526
  • Cipoviol W 72
  • Covol
  • Covol 971
  • Elvanol
  • Elvanol 50-42
  • Elvanol 51-05G
  • Elvanol 5105
  • Elvanol 52-22
  • Elvanol 52-22G
  • Elvanol 522-22
  • Elvanol 70-05
  • Elvanol 71-30
  • Elvanol 73125G
  • Elvanol 90-50
  • Elvanol T 25
  • Enbra OV
  • EP 160
  • Ethenol, homopolymer
  • FH 1500
  • Galvatol 1-60
  • Gelvatol
  • Gelvatol 1-30
  • Gelvatol 1-60
  • Gelvatol 1-90
  • Gelvatol 20-30
  • Gelvatol 2060
  • Gelvatol 2090
  • Gelvatol 3-91
  • GH 20
  • GL 02
  • GL 03
  • GLO 5
  • GM 14
  • Gohsenol
  • Gohsenol AH 22
  • Gohsenol GH
  • Gohsenol GH 17
  • Gohsenol GH 20
  • Gohsenol GH 23
  • Gohsenol GL 03
  • Gohsenol GL 05
  • Gohsenol GL 08
  • Gohsenol GM 14
  • Gohsenol GM 14L
  • Gohsenol GM 94
  • Gohsenol KH 17
  • Gohsenol MG 14
  • Gohsenol N 300
  • Gohsenol NH 05
  • Gohsenol NH 17
  • Gohsenol NH 18
  • Gohsenol NH 20
  • Gohsenol NH 26
  • Gohsenol NK 114
  • Gohsenol NL 05
  • Gohsenol NM 114
  • Gohsenol NM 14
  • Gosenol KH-17
  • Gtohsenol GL 05
  • HSDB 1038
  • Kuralon VP
  • Kurare 217
  • Kurare Poval 120
  • Kurare poval 1700
  • Kurare PVA 205
  • Kurate poval 120
  • Lamephil OJ
  • Lamicel
  • Lemol
  • Lemol 12-88
  • Lemol 16-98
  • Lemol 24-98
  • Lemol 30-98
  • Lemol 5-88
  • Lemol 5-98
  • Lemol 51-98
  • Lemol 60-98
  • Lemol 75-98
  • Lemol GF-60
  • Liquifilm Forte
  • Liquifilm Tears
  • M 13/20
  • Mowiol
  • Mowiol 26-88
  • Mowiol 4-88
  • Mowiol N 30-88
  • Mowiol N 50-98
  • Mowiol N 50/88
  • Mowiol N 70-98
  • NH 18
  • NM 11
  • NM 14
  • NSC 108129
  • Partially hydrolysed polyvinyl alcohol
  • Poly(1-hydroxyethylene)
  • Polydesis
  • Polyethenol
  • Polysizer 173
  • Polyvinol
  • Polyvinyl alcohol
  • Polyvinyl alcohol 18/11
  • Polyviol
  • Polyviol M 13/140
  • Polyviol MO 5/140
  • Polyviol W 25/140
  • Polyviol W 28/20
  • Polyviol W 40/140
  • Poval
  • Poval 117
  • Poval 120
  • Poval 1700
  • Poval 203
  • Poval 205
  • Poval 205S
  • Poval 217
  • Poval 217S
  • Poval 420
  • Poval C 17
  • PVA
  • PVA (VAN)
  • PVA 008
  • PVAL 45/02
  • PVAL 55/12
  • PVS 4
  • Resistoflex
  • Rhodoviol
  • Rhodoviol 16/200
  • Rhodoviol 4-125P
  • Rhodoviol 4/125
  • Rhodoviol R 16/20
  • Sloviol R
  • Solvar
  • Sumitex H 10
  • UNII-1E30GE2EF7
  • UNII-2AVG41YG39
  • UNII-532B59J990
  • UNII-660SZ0AKDA
  • UNII-8K8B5SD7ZR
  • UNII-949E52Z6MY
  • UNII-BRY146A46V
  • UNII-C1MS7RRZ6L
  • UNII-I5O20161WH
  • UNII-J1DZU42714
  • UNII-QP3MK8Z0XS
  • Vibatex S
  • Vinacol DT
  • Vinacol MH
  • Vinalak
  • Vinarol
  • Vinarol DT
  • Vinarol ST
  • Vinarole
  • Vinavilol 2-98
  • Vinyl alcohol polymer

Systematic Names

  • Ethenol, homopolymer
  • Polyvinyl alcohol
  • Polyvinyl alcohol 18/11
  • Vinyl alcohol, polymers (8CI)

Superlist Name

  • Polyvinyl alcohol

Mixture Names

  • HypoTears
  • Prefrin Liquifilm
  • Refresh
  • Relief
  • Tears Plus
  • Vasoclear
  • VasoClear A

Registry Numbers

CAS Registry Number

  • 9002-89-5

FDA UNIIs

  • 1E30GE2EF7
  • 2AVG41YG39
  • 532B59J990
  • 660SZ0AKDA
  • 8K8B5SD7ZR
  • 949E52Z6MY
  • BRY146A46V
  • C1MS7RRZ6L
  • I5O20161WH
  • J1DZU42714
  • QP3MK8Z0XS

Other Registry Numbers

  • 106442-33-5
  • 110736-47-5
  • 1159795-77-3
  • 118168-83-5
  • 1221137-85-4
  • 1251055-03-4
  • 1353578-76-3
  • 1360538-16-4
  • 1360617-28-2
  • 1379820-54-8
  • 1391975-95-3
  • 1417904-88-1
  • 1422717-36-9
  • 147827-36-9
  • 151439-02-0
  • 152987-51-4
  • 153569-70-1
  • 155421-52-6
  • 1613402-31-5
  • 162261-31-6
  • 1644530-73-3
  • 1655500-46-1
  • 172452-03-8
  • 176742-14-6
  • 1792997-17-1
  • 1808111-57-0
  • 1808111-60-5
  • 1874156-92-9
  • 2023788-67-0
  • 2031151-91-2
  • 2098429-20-8
  • 2114272-84-1
  • 2135434-57-8
  • 2159090-95-4
  • 25038-51-1
  • 353276-42-3
  • 372077-13-9
  • 39320-29-1
  • 416899-99-5
  • 53241-16-0
  • 551960-18-0
  • 58740-50-4
  • 61584-38-1
  • 73298-53-0
  • 75923-48-7
  • 82428-08-8
  • 860310-93-6
  • 875587-23-8
  • 875587-24-9
  • 9014-14-6
  • 9050-53-7
  • 9066-05-1
  • 98002-48-3

System Generated Number

  • 0009002895

Molecular Formulas

Molecular Formula

  • (C2-H4-O)x-

Molecular Formula Fragments

  • C2-H4-O
  • COMPONENT

Structure Descriptors

Smiles

C([C@@H](O)*)*

Toxicity

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
guinea pig LD50 oral 18750mg/kg (18750mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: MUSCLE WEAKNESS

GASTROINTESTINAL: "HYPERMOTILITY, DIARRHEA"

LIVER: OTHER CHANGES
Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 55(5), Pg. 9, 1990.
mouse LD50 oral 14270mg/kg (14270mg/kg) GASTROINTESTINAL: "HYPERMOTILITY, DIARRHEA"

LIVER: OTHER CHANGES

BEHAVIORAL: MUSCLE WEAKNESS
Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 55(5), Pg. 9, 1990.
mouse LD50 oral 14700mg/kg (14700mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: MUSCLE WEAKNESS

BEHAVIORAL: ALTERED SLEEP TIME (INCLUDING CHANGE IN RIGHTING REFLEX)

BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)
Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 51(10), Pg. 75, 1986.
rat LD50 oral > 20gm/kg (20000mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: ALTERED SLEEP TIME (INCLUDING CHANGE IN RIGHTING REFLEX)

BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)

BEHAVIORAL: MUSCLE WEAKNESS
Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 51(10), Pg. 75, 1986.
rat LD50 oral 23854mg/kg (23854mg/kg) GASTROINTESTINAL: "HYPERMOTILITY, DIARRHEA"

BEHAVIORAL: MUSCLE WEAKNESS

LIVER: OTHER CHANGES
Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 55(5), Pg. 9, 1990.