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Substance Name: Benzoyl peroxide [USAN:USP]
RN: 94-36-0
UNII: W9WZN9A0GM
InChIKey: OMPJBNCRMGITSC-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Note

  • A peroxide derivative that has been used topically for BURNS and as a dermatologic agent in the treatment of ACNE and POISON IVY DERMATITIS. It is used also as a bleach in the food industry.

Molecular Formula

  • C14-H10-O4

Molecular Weight

  • 242.229
 

Classification Codes

Classification Codes

  • Dermatologic Agents
  • Keratolytic
  • Mutation Data
  • Skin / Eye Irritant
  • Tumor Data

Superlist Classification Codes

  • Overall Carcinogenic Evaluation: Group 3
  • TWA 5 mg/m3
  • TWA 5 mg/m3; Not classifiable as a human carcinogen

Names and Synonyms

Name of Substance

  • Benzoyl peroxide
  • Benzoyl peroxide [USAN:USP]

MeSH Heading

  • Benzoyl peroxide

Synonyms

  • Abcat 40
  • Acetoxyl
  • Acne-Aid Cream
  • Acnegel
  • Akneroxid 5
  • Akneroxide L
  • Aksil 5
  • Asidopan
  • Aztec BPO
  • B 75W
  • Benbel C
  • Benox 50
  • Benoxyl
  • Benoxyl (5&10) Lotion
  • Benprox
  • Benzac
  • Benzac W
  • Benzagel
  • Benzagel 10
  • Benzaknen
  • Benzashave
  • Benzefoam
  • Benzoic acid, peroxide
  • Benzol peroxide
  • Benzoperoxide
  • Benzoyl peroxide
  • Benzoyl peroxide gel
  • Benzoyl superoxide
  • Benzoylperoxid
  • Benzoylperoxid [German]
  • Benzoylperoxyde
  • Benzoylperoxyde [Dutch]
  • BPO
  • Brevoxyl
  • BZF-60
  • Cadat BPO
  • Cadox 40E
  • Cadox B
  • Cadox B 40E
  • Cadox B 50P
  • Cadox B 70W
  • Cadox B-CH 50
  • Cadox BS
  • CCRIS 630
  • Chaloxyd BP 50FT
  • Clear By Design
  • Clearasil Antibacterial Acne Lotion
  • Clearasil BP Acne Treatment Cream
  • Debroxide
  • Desanden
  • Desquam E
  • Desquam X
  • Desquam-X
  • Dibenzoyl peroxide
  • Dibenzoylperoxid
  • Dibenzoylperoxid [German]
  • Dibenzoylperoxyde
  • Dibenzoylperoxyde [Dutch]
  • Diphenylglyoxal peroxide
  • Dry and Clear
  • Duresthin 5
  • EC 202-327-6
  • EINECS 202-327-6
  • Eloxyl
  • Epi Clear Antiseptic Lotion
  • Epi-Clear
  • Fostex
  • Fostex BPO Bar, Gel, and Wash
  • G 20
  • Garox
  • HSDB 372
  • Incidol
  • Lavoclen
  • Loroxide
  • Lucidol
  • Lucidol (peroxide)
  • Lucidol 50P
  • Lucidol B 50
  • Lucidol G 20
  • Lucidol KL 50
  • Lucidol-70
  • Luperco AA
  • Luperco AST
  • Luperox FL
  • Mytolac
  • Nayper B and BO
  • Nayper bo
  • Neobenz micro
  • Norox bzp-250
  • Norox bzp-C-35
  • Novadelox
  • NSC 671
  • Oxy-10
  • Oxy-10 Cover
  • Oxy-5
  • Oxylite
  • Pacnex
  • PanOxyl
  • Perossido di benzoile
  • Perossido di benzoile [Italian]
  • Peroxide, dibenzoyl
  • Peroxyde de benzoyle
  • Peroxyde de benzoyle [French]
  • Persa-Gel
  • Persadox
  • Quinolor compound
  • Resdan Akne
  • Stri-dex B.P.
  • Superox 744
  • Theraderm
  • Topex
  • UNII-W9WZN9A0GM
  • Vanoxide
  • Xerac

Systematic Names

  • Benzoyl peroxide
  • Dibenzoyl peroxide
  • Peroxide, dibenzoyl

Superlist Names

  • Benzoyl peroxide
  • Dibenzoyl peroxide
  • Peroxide, dibenzoyl

Mixture Names

  • Benzagel
  • Benzamycin
  • Desquam-X
  • Fostex BPO
  • pHisoAc BP
  • Sulfoxyl
  • Xerac BP

Registry Numbers

CAS Registry Number

  • 94-36-0

FDA UNII

  • W9WZN9A0GM

Other Registry Numbers

  • 117989-71-6
  • 132323-44-5
  • 143928-58-9
  • 37370-29-9

System Generated Number

  • 0000094360

Structure Descriptors

InChI

1S/C14H10O4/c15-13(11-7-3-1-4-8-11)17-18-14(16)12-9-5-2-6-10-12/h1-10H

InChIKey

OMPJBNCRMGITSC-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Smiles

c1(C(OOC(c2ccccc2)=O)=O)ccccc1

Toxicity

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
mammal (species unspecified) LD50 skin > 1gm/kg (1000mg/kg)   Kodak Company Reports. Vol. #900713,
mouse LD50 intraperitoneal 250mg/kg (250mg/kg)   International Polymer Science and Technology. Vol. 3, Pg. 93, 1976.
mouse LD50 oral 5700mg/kg (5700mg/kg)   Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 32(3), Pg. 31, 1967.
rat LD50 oral 7710mg/kg (7710mg/kg) LIVER: OTHER CHANGES

LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: CYANOSIS

KIDNEY, URETER, AND BLADDER: OTHER CHANGES IN URINE COMPOSITION
ARCO Chemical Company Report. Vol. JUN1982,

Physical Properties

Physical Property Value Units Temp (deg C) Source
Melting Point 105 deg C   EXP
log P (octanol-water) 3.46 (none)   EXP
Water Solubility 9.1 mg/L 25 EXP
Vapor Pressure 7.06E-05 mm Hg 25 EST
Henry's Law Constant 3.54E-06 atm-m3/mole 25 EST
Atmospheric OH Rate Constant 3.55E-12 cm3/molecule-sec 25 EST

Physical property data is provided to ChemIDplus by SRC, Inc.