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Substance Name: Magnesium chloride [USP]
RN: 7791-18-6
UNII: 02F3473H9O
InChIKey: DHRRIBDTHFBPNG-UHFFFAOYSA-L

Note

  • Magnesium chloride. An inorganic compound consisting of one magnesium and two chloride ions. The compound is used in medicine as a source of magnesium ions, which are essential for many cellular activities. It has also been used as a cathartic and in alloys.

Molecular Formulas

  • Cl2-Mg.6H2-O
  • Mg-Cl2.6H2-O

Molecular Weight

  • 203.3
 

Classification Codes

  • Agricultural Chemical
  • Mutation Data
  • Replenisher (Electrolyte)
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Names and Synonyms

Name of Substance

  • Magnesium chloride [USP]

MeSH Heading

  • Magnesium Chloride

Synonyms

  • CCRIS 3494
  • Chlorure de magnesium hydrate
  • Chlorure de magnesium hydrate [French]
  • Magnesium chloride
  • Magnesium chloride (MgCl2) hydrate (1:6)
  • Magnesium chloride hexahydrate
  • Magnesium chloride hydrate (MgCl2.6H2O)
  • Magnesium dichloride hexahydrate
  • UNII-02F3473H9O

Systematic Name

  • Magnesium chloride, hexahydrate

Registry Numbers

CAS Registry Number

  • 7791-18-6

FDA UNII

  • 02F3473H9O

System Generated Number

  • 0007791186

Molecular Formulas

Molecular Formulas

  • Cl2-Mg.6H2-O
  • Mg-Cl2.6H2-O

Molecular Formula Fragments

  • Cl2-Mg
  • COMPONENT
  • H2-O
  • Mg-Cl2

Structure Descriptors

InChI

1S/2ClH.Mg.6H2O/h2*1H;;6*1H2/q;;+2;;;;;;/p-2

InChIKey

DHRRIBDTHFBPNG-UHFFFAOYSA-L

Smiles

[Mg+2].O.[ClH-].O.O.O.O.O.[ClH-]

Toxicity

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
guinea pig LDLo intraarterial 250mg/kg (250mg/kg)   Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archiv fuer Experimentelle Pathologie und Pharmakologie. Vol. 131, Pg. 171, 1928.
guinea pig LDLo intravenous 250mg/kg (250mg/kg)   Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archiv fuer Experimentelle Pathologie und Pharmakologie. Vol. 131, Pg. 171, 1928.
mouse LD50 intraperitoneal 775mg/kg (775mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)

BEHAVIORAL: EXCITEMENT
Therapie. Vol. 31, Pg. 471, 1976.
mouse LD50 oral 7600mg/kg (7600mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)

BEHAVIORAL: EXCITEMENT
Therapie. Vol. 31, Pg. 471, 1976.
rat LD50 oral 8100mg/kg (8100mg/kg)   American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal. Vol. 30, Pg. 470, 1969.
rat LDLo intravenous 176mg/kg (176mg/kg) BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD

BEHAVIORAL: COMA

LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: OTHER CHANGES
Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine. Vol. 15, Pg. 35, 1929.