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Substance Name: Methyl bromide [BSI:ISO]
RN: 74-83-9
UNII: 9V42E1Z7B6
InChIKey: GZUXJHMPEANEGY-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Note

  • Used in ionization chambers, degreasing wool, extracting oils; insect fumigant; high concentrations can produce pulmonary edema,narcosis; chronic exposure can cause CNS depression,kidney injury.

Molecular Formula

  • C-H3-Br

Molecular Weight

  • 94.9387
 

Classification Codes

Classification Codes

  • Acaricide
  • Agricultural Chemical
  • Human Data
  • Insecticide
  • Mutation Data
  • Nematocide
  • Noxae
  • Reproductive Effect
  • Rodenticide
  • Tumor Data

Superlist Classification Codes

  • Overall Carcinogenic Evaluation: Group 3
  • Reportable Quantity (RQ) = 1000 lb
  • skin; Ceiling 20 ppm (80 mg/m3); skin
  • Threshold Planning Quantity (TPQ) = 1000 lb
  • TWA (1 ppm); skin; Not classifiable as a human carcinogen

Names and Synonyms

Results Name

  • Methyl bromide [BSI:ISO]

Name of Substance

  • Methyl bromide
  • Methyl bromide [BSI:ISO]

Synonyms

  • AI3-01916
  • Bercema
  • Brom-methan
  • Brom-methan [German]
  • Brom-O-Gas
  • Brom-O-Gas Methyl Bromide Soil Fumigant
  • Brom-O-Sol
  • Bromometano
  • Bromometano [Italian]
  • Bromomethane
  • Bromur di metile
  • Bromur di metile [Italian]
  • Bromure de methyle
  • Bromure de methyle [French]
  • Bromure de methyle [ISO-French]
  • Bromuro di metile
  • Bromuro di metile [Italian]
  • Broommethaan
  • Broommethaan [Dutch]
  • Caswell No. 555
  • CCRIS 385
  • Celfume
  • Curafume
  • Dawson 100
  • Detia gas EX-M
  • Dowfume MC-2
  • Dowfume MC-2 Fumigant
  • Dowfume MC-2 soil fumigant
  • Dowfume MC-2R
  • Dowfume MC-33
  • Drexel Plant Bed Gas
  • EC 200-813-2
  • Edco
  • EINECS 200-813-2
  • Embafume
  • EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 053201
  • F 40B1
  • Fumigant-1 (Obs.)
  • Halon 1001
  • Haltox
  • HSDB 779
  • Iscobrome
  • Kayafume
  • M-B-C Fumigant
  • M-B-R 98
  • MBC Soil Fumigant
  • Mbc-33 Soil Fumigant
  • MBX
  • Metafume
  • Meth-O-Gas
  • Methane, bromo-
  • Methogas
  • Methyl bromide
  • Methyl Bromide Rodent Fumigant (with chloropicrin)
  • Methyl fume
  • Methylbromid
  • Methylbromid [German]
  • Metylu bromek
  • Metylu bromek [Polish]
  • Monobromomethane
  • Pestmaster
  • Pestmaster (Obs.)
  • Pestmaster Soil Fumigant-1
  • Profume (Obs.)
  • R 40B1
  • RCRA waste number U029
  • Superior Methyl Bromide-2
  • Terabol
  • Terr-O-Cide II
  • Terr-O-Gas
  • Terr-O-Gas 100
  • Terr-O-Gas 67
  • Tri-Brom
  • UN 1062
  • UNII-9V42E1Z7B6
  • Zytox

Systematic Names

  • Bromomethane
  • Methane, bromo-
  • Methyl bromide

Superlist Names

  • Bromomethane
  • Methane, bromo-
  • Methyl bromide
  • Methyl bromide as a structural fumigant
  • Methyl bromide [UN1062] [Poison gas]
  • RCRA waste no. U029
  • UN1062

Registry Numbers

CAS Registry Number

  • 74-83-9

FDA UNII

  • 9V42E1Z7B6

Other Registry Numbers

  • 1361252-19-8
  • 1519044-64-4

System Generated Number

  • 0000074839

Structure Descriptors

InChI

1S/CH3Br/c1-2/h1H3

InChIKey

GZUXJHMPEANEGY-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Smiles

CBr

Toxicity

Organism Test Type Route Reported Dose (Normalized Dose) Effect Source
child LCLo inhalation 1gm/m3/2H (1000mg/m3) BLOOD: CHANGE IN CLOTTING FACTORS Nippon Hoigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Legal Medicine. Vol. 23, Pg. 241, 1969.
dog LDLo oral 500mg/kg (500mg/kg) CARDIAC: PULSE RATE INCREASE WITHOUT FALL IN BP

GASTROINTESTINAL: NAUSEA OR VOMITING
National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0528834,
guinea pig LCLo inhalation 300ppm/9H (300ppm) SKIN AND APPENDAGES (SKIN): HAIR: OTHER

LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: "FIBROSIS, FOCAL (PNEUMOCONIOSIS)"

BEHAVIORAL: MUSCLE WEAKNESS
U.S. Public Health Service, Public Health Bulletin. Vol. 185, Pg. 1, 1929.
human TCLo inhalation 35ppm (35ppm) BEHAVIORAL: ANOREXIA (HUMAN

SKIN AND APPENDAGES (SKIN): CORROSIVE: AFTER TOPICAL EXPOSURE

GASTROINTESTINAL: NAUSEA OR VOMITING
Industrial Medicine. Vol. 11, Pg. 575, 1942.
human TDLo skin 35gm/m3/40M-I (35000mg/m3) SKIN AND APPENDAGES (SKIN): "DERMATITIS, IRRITATIVE: AFTER SYSTEMIC EXPOSURE" Archives of Dermatology. Vol. 124, Pg. 917, 1988.
man LCLo inhalation 60000ppm/2H (60000ppm) LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: RESPIRATORY STIMULATION

GASTROINTESTINAL: NAUSEA OR VOMITING

BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD
British Journal of Industrial Medicine. Vol. 2, Pg. 24, 1945.
mouse LC50 inhalation 1540mg/m3/2H (1540mg/m3)   "Toxicometric Parameters of Industrial Toxic Chemicals Under Single Exposure," Izmerov, N.F., et al., Moscow, Centre of International Projects, GKNT, 1982Vol. -, Pg. 81, 1982.
rabbit LC50 inhalation 28900mg/m3/30 (28900mg/m3)   Farmakologiya i Toksikologiya Vol. 8, Pg. 140, 1973.
rat LC50 inhalation 302ppm/8H (302ppm) BEHAVIORAL: CHANGES IN MOTOR ACTIVITY (SPECIFIC ASSAY) Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. Vol. 81, Pg. 183, 1985.
rat LD50 oral 214mg/kg (214mg/kg)   Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. Vol. 72, Pg. 262, 1984.
rat LD50 subcutaneous 135mg/kg (135mg/kg)   Industrial Health. Vol. 26, Pg. 101, 1988.

Physical Properties

Physical Property Value Units Temp (deg C) Source
Melting Point -9.37E+01 deg C   EXP
Boiling Point 3.5 deg C   EXP
log P (octanol-water) 1.19 (none)   EXP
Water Solubility 1.52E+04 mg/L 25 EXP
Vapor Pressure 1620 mm Hg 25 EXP
Henry's Law Constant 0.00734 atm-m3/mole 25 EXP
Atmospheric OH Rate Constant 4.02E-14 cm3/molecule-sec 25 EXP

Physical property data is provided to ChemIDplus by SRC, Inc.